From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Pizza is a dish of Italian origin, where various toppings are cooked on top of a bread base—usually these toppings will include tomato and cheese.
- Margherita is a standard pizza available almost everywhere—made with either uncooked tomato slices or tomato sauce, mozarella, basil, and extra-virgin olive oil.
- Marinara is tomato sauce, olive oil, and mozarella with the addition of garlic and oregano.
- Romana is prepared with anchovies and oregano
- Viennese has on the top German sausage and oregano
- Capricciosa has mushrooms, artichoke, cooked ham, and olives.
- Quattro Stagioni (or four seasons) is split in to four quarters with different ingredients on each quarter.
- Quattro Formaggi (or four cheese) has mozarella, stracchino, fontina, and gorgonzola (although sometimes ricotta or Goat's cheese is used)
- Sicilian-style pizza is a pizza with the topping baked into the crust—usually garlic, basil, or oregano
- Calzone is a pizza that is 'folded' together like a pie or pastie so that it can be eaten like a sandwich.
- Chicago-style pizza is a pizza cooked in a deep dish, with a very thick and crunchy crust