From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
This is a supplement to the philosophy article.
Under construction: this will be a list of famous philosophers, in chronological order, listing Western philosophers and then Eastern philosophers.
Socrates (470/69 B.C. – 399 B.C.)
- Greek, born in Athens
- Adjective: Socratic
- Associated isms: skepticism
- Works (approximately 0 words): No extant writings, but the Apology of Plato is alleged to be a record of an actual speech of Socrates
- Major contributions:
- Logic: Socratic method defined standards of reasoning and definition
- Ethics: Famous for examining the nature of various virtues
- Representative quotations:
- "...the unexamined life is not worth living for man..." (38a)
- "I am wiser than this man; it is likely that neither of us knows anything worthwhile, but he thinks he knows something when he does not, whereas when I do not know, neither do I think I know; so I am likely to be wiser than he to this small extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know." (21d)
- "Crito, pay a cock to Asclepius; make this offering to him and do not forget." (118e)