National security/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Ahmed Agiza : An Egyptian citizen, rendered to Egypt by Swedish and U.S. personnel, where he was imprisoned for a 1999 in absentia conviction of belonging to an illegal organization, Egyptian Islamic Jihad; the removal from Sweden did not involve extradition and may have violated the refoulement provision of the Convention against Torture.
- American Civil Liberties Union : American political action group founded in 1920 for protection of civil liberties.
- Binyam Ahmed Mohammad : an Ethiopian who was held in secret CIA custody, and later faced charges before a Guantanamo military commission.
- Classified information : Material collected or created by a government that is subject to limitations on its release to the general public and may have penalties for its unauthorized release.
- David Miliband : Former UK foreign minister; born 1965.
- Egyptian Islamic Jihad : A jihadist organization formed in the 1970s, dormant by the 1990s, with the more extreme members probably in al-Qaeda along with the leader of the time, Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Extrajudicial detention, U.S., George W. Bush Administration : Policies and practices relevant to detention in intelligence and military facilities, the latter when no prisoner of war status was granted
- Haji Bismullah : An Afghan citizen, who, while working for a pro-US Afghan provincial government, was denounced, held in Guantanamo Bay detention camp for six years, and released in January 2009 as "no longer an enemy combatant"
- Mohamed et al. v. Jeppesen Dataplan, Inc. : A civil lawsuit, filed against a Central Intelligence Agency contractor that supported the logistics of extraordinary rendition, which has been dismissed when the government invoked the state secrets privilege; appellate review was requested in late 2008
- National Security Agency : An organization within the United States Department of Defense, with the dual roles of the principal signals intelligence agency in the United States intelligence community, but also having the responsibility for information assurance of military, diplomatic, and other critical communications.
- State secrets privilege : A legal doctrine, explicit in the U.S. but with comparable rules in other countries, which allows the suppression of evidence, or the blocking of a trial, if that would unavoidably cause the disclosure of information deemed critical to national security
- Torture : The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique.
- U.S. Department of Justice : The Cabinet level department headed by the Attorney General, which supervises the FBI and 58 other Agencies.