Present-day Jalalabad was the major city of the ancient Greco-Buddhist center of Gandhara. Babur, founder of the Moghal empire of India, chose the site for the modern city, which was built c.1570 by his grandson, Akbar. During the First Afghan War, British troops held (1842) Jalalabad against an Afghan siege. 
Economics and transportation
The city has a university and medical school. Oranges, rice, and sugarcane grow in the fertile surrounding area, and the city has cane-processing and sugar-refining as well as papermaking industries.
It has an airport used only for military and United Nations flights.
- , Jalalabad, The Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth Edition ed.), 2008