Iraq War/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
< Iraq War
- See also changes related to Iraq War, or pages that link to Iraq War or to this page or whose text .
- Iraq : Country in the Middle East, currently transitioning from rule by the US.
- United Kingdom : Constitutional monarchy which includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- United States of America : Constitutional republic in North America, has major land borders with Mexico and Canada.
- War : A state of violent conflict which exists between two or more independent groups, each seeking to impose its will on the other.
- United Nations Security Council : One of the principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
- Weapons of Mass Destruction : Weapons whose primary effects are from nuclear explosions, chemical poisoning, or biological infection. Often includes radiological weapons that contaminate without blast and heat.
- Iraq War, major combat phase : That part of the Iraq War involving the initial invasion by large-scale ground forces
- Iraq War, insurgency : The period of the Iraq War following the end of major combat operations, and the beginning of significant guerrilla warfare in July - August 2003.
- Tony Blair : Former Labour Party politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1997-2007).
- George W. Bush : (1946–) 43rd U.S. President (Republican), elected in 2000 and re-elected in 2004.
- Richard Armitage : A U.S. foreign policy specialist, first a U.S. Navy officer in the Vietnam War, who rose to positions including Deputy Secretary of State in the first term of the George W. Bush Administration; board, International Crisis Group; Aspen Strategy Group, Aspen Institute
- L. Paul Bremer : Retired American Foreign Service Officer and counterterrorism specialist who was Presidential Envoy to Iraq in 2003-2004, running the Coalition Provisional Authority
- Dick Cheney : (1941–) U.S. Vice President in the George W. Bush Administration and advocate of neoconservatism and unitary Presidential authority; currently a political commentator; U.S. Secretary of Defense in the George H. W. Bush Administration; spouse of Lynne Cheney; father of Liz Cheney
- Douglas Feith : An American strategic analyst, associated with neoconservatism, who held posts including Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in 2001-2005, when he advised Donald Rumsfeld on the Iraq War; fellow of the Hudson Institute
- William Luti : A retired Naval aviator and national security policy analyst, who held significant staff jobs in the George W. Bush Administration under Douglas Feith and then Stephen Hadley, and now is in private industry; hawk and Monty Python devotee
- Colin Powell : A retired general in the United States Army who served in high political office, first African-American to be Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and U.S. Secretary of State; minimally partisan although he considered himself a moderate Republican, not a neoconservative
- Condoleeza Rice : Academic political scientist, then Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and U.S. Secretary of State in the George W. Bush Administration
- Donald Rumsfeld : U.S. Secretary of Defense in the George W. Bush Administration (2001-2008); was the oldest secretary and earlier the youngest secretary in the Administration (1975-1977); major policymaker after the 9-11 attack; advisor, Project for the New American Century
- Abram Shulsky : An American national security policy expert, generally associated with an interventionist foreign policy, who headed the Office of Special Plans in the U.S. Department of Defense of the George W. Bush Administration; theoretician of intelligence analysis
- Paul Wolfowitz : An American political scientist and policy-level foreign affairs official, of a neoconservative ideology; resident American Enterprise Institute and on International Security Advisory Board; Deputy Secretary of Defense in the George W. Bush Administration; advisor, Project for the New American Century
- Saddam Hussein : (1937–2006) Deposed and executed ruler of Iraq.
- Qusay Hussein : Younger son (1966-2003) and apparent heir to Saddam Hussein; head of the Special Security Organization and other key posts
- Uday Hussein : Saddam Hussein's elder son, who had lost authority to his brother Qusay Hussein due to erratic behavior, but still was in the privileged inner circle and prepared the Saddam Fedayeen irregulars
- Ahmed Chalabi : An Iraqi politician, who spent much of his time in exile or in Kurdistan, who has declining influence in the current situation but is still regarded as well-connected
- Massoud Barzani : President of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq, and leader of the Kurdish Democratic Party
- Jalal Talabani : A Kurd who is President of Iraq and leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
- Iraqi Army : Add brief definition or description
- Iraqi Air Force : Add brief definition or description
- Security organization of Saddam Hussein : The multiple security organizations that protected the person, government, and sensitive projects of Saddam Hussein, also cross-checking one another
- Republican Guard : Well-trained, equipped, and presumably politically loyal ground troops of Saddam Hussein's military
- Special Republican Guard : A well-armed military force that stayed in the Baghdad area, principally to protect Saddam Hussein against coups by the Army, but was part of a final defense against invasion, as in the Iraq War; was also involved in security of weapons of mass destruction
- Special Security Organization : Add brief definition or description
- United States Central Command : Unified Combatant Command responsible for U.S. operations in the Middle East and Southwest Asia, now under the command of General James Mattis
- Iraq Survey Group : U.S., Australian and British intelligence organization that entered Iraq early in the Iraq War, searching for weapons of mass destruction, as well as other prohibited weapons such as long-range guided missiles
- United States Special Operations Command : A U.S. Unified Combatant Command with both functional and operational responsibilities, both to prepare special operations forces for the geographic commands, and to execute strategic special operations, typically under national orders and high security classification
- John Abizaid : Retired general, United States Army; succeeded GEN Tommy Franks to head United States Central Command after Iraq War, major combat phase; native Arabic speaker; fellow, Hoover Institution; Former Senior Advisor, Preventive Defense Project, Belfer Center, 2007-2009; Defense Department senior mentor program
- George Casey : U.S. Chief of Staff of the Army since 2007; previously commanded Multi-National Force-Iraq
- James Conway : 34th U.S. Commandant of the Marine Corps, who took office in 2006, having commanded I Marine Expeditionary Force in the Gulf War
- Paul Eaton : Senior Advisor, National Security Network; Major general, U.S. Army, retired; last assignment was training Iraqi security forces; retired in protest over Donald Rumsfeld's policies and went public with criticisms; former Army's Infantry Center and was Chief of Infantry for the Army; advisor to Senator Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign
- Barbara Fast : Now a vice-president for Boeing, a retired major general in U.S. Army intelligence
- George Fay : Add brief definition or description
- Tommy Franks : Head of United States Central Command during the start of the Afghanistan War (2001-) and Iraq War; retired as a general
- Stuart Herrington : Colonel, retired, United States Army intelligence; counterintelligence and interrogation expert; ran major counterespionage; consulted on, and criticized, intelligence interrogation methods at Guantanamo Bay detention camp and in Iraq; testified on matter to Senate Armed Services Committee
- Janis Karpinski : Add brief definition or description
- David Kilcullen : A former Australian infantry officer with a doctorate in the study of insurgency and history, he is an advisor on counterinsurgency to the Australian and U.S. governments. His models draw a sharp distinction between the tactic of terror, and the conduct of wars that make use of that tactic. Board of Advisors, Center for a New American Security
- David McKiernan : A U.S Army General who was relieved early of command of the International Security Assistance Force, NATO's headquarters in Afghanistan; he commanded the ground forces in the Iraq War and is an armored combat specialist, as opposed to his replacement, GEN Stanley McChrystal, a special operations officer
- H. R. McMaster : Brigadier general, United States Army, Director, Concepts Development and Experimentation, Army Capabilities Integration Center, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command; commanded 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment at Tal Afar; commander at Battle of 73 Easting; historian and author of Dereliction of Duty, a major work on decisionmaking during the Vietnam War; fellow, Hoover Institution, 2002-2003; member, Council on Foreign Relations
- James Mattis : General, United States Marine Corps, Commander, United States Joint Forces Command and also NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Transformation until that "hat" went to a French officer in September 2009; battalion commander in Gulf War; 1st Marine Division commander in Iraq War
- Geoffrey Miller : Major general in the United States Army, who was the first unified (i.e., military police and intelligence interrogation) task force commander at Guantanamo Bay detention camp, and transferred to Iraq to set up the U.S. prison system there
- Ray Odierno : General, United States Army, commanding Multi-National Force-Iraq; commanded 4th Infantry Division (U.S.) at end of major combat of the Iraq War
- David Petraeus : General, U.S. Army, presently commanding United States Central Command after having the senior command in Iraq, long associated with counterinsurgency doctrine
- Ricardo Sanchez : Retired lieutenant general of armor, United States Army, who commanded the senior U.S. headquarters in Iraq when the Abu Ghraib prison scandal broke; involved in early attempts to deal realistically with the growing insurgency after the end of high-intensity combat
- Charles Swannack : A retired major general of the U.S. Army, who commanded the 82nd Airborne Division in combat in the Iraq War, and criticized the leadership of U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld both before and after Swannack retired
- William "Scott" Wallace : Known as "Scott", retired General in the U.S. Army, who led V Corps in the Iraq War, and became the four-star head of Training and Doctrine Command
Terminology and public opinion
- Operation IRAQI FREEDOM : Official U.S. code name for the 2003 invasion of Iraq and continuing operations in the Iraq War.
- Operation Telic : British military participation in the Iraq War
- Francis Boyle : Law professor at the University of Illinois, who teaches and writes on international law and its interactions with politics; has been attorney of record in many international disputes, especially dealing with war crimes, generally for antiwar and anticolonialist positions; drafted U.S. version of Biological Weapons and Toxins Convention; legal counsel for Bosnia and Herzegovina; counsel to Palestinian Authority; believes U.S. involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq is illegal
- Marcy Kaptur : U.S. Representative (D-Ohio), House Appropriations Committee; House Budget Committee; "no" to 2002 Iraq War vote and Out of Iran Caucus; Congressional Progressive Caucus; U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform; Congressional Ukrainian Caucus
- Barbara Lee : U.S. Representative, (D-California}; House Appropriations Committee; House Foreign Affairs Committee; Chairwoman, Congressional Black Caucus; Co-Founder, Out of Iraq Caucus
- George Miller : U.S. Representative (D-California), chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House Natural Resources Committee; represents East Bay suburbs of San Francisco; member, Congressional Progressive Caucus; participant in 2009 White House Forum on Health Reform; voted against 2002 Iraq War authorization and member ofOut of Iraq Caucus; 0% "true liberal" 2008 rating from American Conservative Union
- Protests against the Iraq War : International protest movement against the U.S-led invasion and occupation of Iraq in 2003.
- Al-Qaeda : International islamist terrorist network. Responsible for the 9-11 attack and other terrorist attacks.
- Gulf War : The conflict started by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990, and ended with the liberation of Kuwait and major damage to Iraqi forces, by a US-led UN coalition in 1991.
- Insurgency : A wide range of political and military actions intended to change a government, through means considered illegal by that government.
- Intelligence interrogation, U.S., George W. Bush Administration : The policies and practices authorized for interrogation of suspected terrorists by the United States Department of Defense and the United States intelligence community during the George W. Bush Administration
- Michael Isikoff : Investigative journalist for Newsweek (coauthor of the "Declassified" blog) and MSNBC; national security book author