Einsatzgruppen Case (NMT)

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See also: Einsatzgruppe

Directly concerned with genocidal actions outside the camp structure, the Nuremberg Military Tribunals' Einsatzgruppen Case (NMT), Case No. 9, United States against Otto Ohlendorf, et al., charged twenty-three officers of the SS in charge of Einsatzgruppen, or field killing task forces, the smaller of which were called Einsatzcommandos, which murdered 2,000,000 people. Evidence included the Einsatzgruppen Directives. [1]

This trial did not deal with the Einsatzgruppen in the Polish Campaign, only those activities following the Operation Barbarossa invasion of the Soviet Union.

Einsatzgruppen and operations

For more information, see: Einsatzgruppe.

Defendants were in four main battalion-sized groups, and some smaller independent ones.[2]

Group Commander(s) Attached to and strength Area of operations[3]
A Franz Walter Stahlecker Army Group North
  • 990 men
From East Prussia across Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia toward Leningrad (now St. Petersburg); Kovno, Riga, and Vilna.
B Artur Nebe Army Group Centre
  • 665 men
From Warsaw across Belorussia toward Smolensk and Minsk, killing Jews in Grodno, Minsk, Brest-Litovsk, Slonim, Gomel, and Mogilev, among other places.
C Otto Rasch Army Group South'
  • 700 men
began operations from Krakow (Cracow) and fanned out across the western Ukraine toward Kharkov and Rostov-on-Don. Its personnel directed mass killings in Lvov, Tarnopol, Zolochev, Kremenets, Kharkov, Zhitomir, and Kiev, where in two days in late September 1941 units of Einsatzgruppe detachment 4a massacred 33,771 Kiev Jews in the ravine at Babi Yar
D Otto Ohlendorf 11th Army
  • 600 men
southern Ukraine and the Crimea, especially in Nikolayev, Kherson, Simferopol, Sevastopol, Feodosiya, and in the Krasnodar region.

References

  1. Einsatzgruppen Directives, Jewish Virtual Library
  2. Eitzatzgruppen, Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team
  3. Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing squads), U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum