From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Coulomb's law : An inverse-square distance law, like Newton's gravitational law, describing the forces acting between electric point charges; also valid for the force between magnetic poles.
- Derivative : The rate of change of a function with respect to its argument.
- Divergence theorem : A theorem relating the flux of a vector field through a surface to the vector field inside the surface.
- Electric displacement : a vector field D in a dielectric; D is proportional to the outer electric field E.
- Electric field : force acting on an electric charge—a vector field.
- Gauss' law (magnetism) : States that the total magnetic flux through a closed surface is zero; this means that magnetic monopoles do not exist.
- Helmholtz decomposition : Decomposition of a vector field in a transverse (divergence-free) and a longitudinal (curl-free) component.
- James Clerk Maxwell : (1831 – 1879) Scottish physicist best known for his formulation of electromagnetic theory and the statistical theory of gases.
- Magnetic induction : A divergence-free electromagnetic field, denoted B, determining the Lorentz force upon a moving charge, and related to the magnetic field H.
- Maxwell equations : Mathematical equations describing the interrelationship between electric and magnetic fields; dependence of the fields on electric charge- and current- densities.
- Spherical polar coordinates : Angular coordinates on a sphere: longitude angle φ, colatitude angle θ
- Vector field : A vector function on the three-dimensional Euclidean space .