Cuban Missile Crisis/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Cuban Missile Crisis, or pages that link to Cuban Missile Crisis or to this page or whose text .
- Cold War : Geostrategic, economic and ideological struggle from about 1947 to 1991 between the Soviet Union and the United States and their allies.
- Cuba : a Communist state made up of a number of islands in the Caribbean.
- Deterrence : A set of policies and actions that prevent an opponent from taking an undesired action
- Compellence : A set of decisions, policies and actions intended to force an opponent to take some action, as opposed to deterring the adversary not to take a different action.
- Naval blockade : A declared action by a naval power, considered an act of war in international law, in which it prevents shipping, other than certain categories of humanitarian aid, from reaching the ports of the blockaded country
- S-75 Dvina : S-75 Dvina surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems were the first Soviet air defense missiles in wide deployment. Their NATO reporting designation was SA-2 GUIDELINE.
- Medium range ballistic missile : A guided missile, with a range between 600 and 1500 miles, which does not rely on aerodynamic lift to maintain its course.
- Intermediate range ballistic missile : Add brief definition or description
- Fidel Castro : (1926—2016) Former president of Cuba.
- Nikita Khruschev : Add brief definition or description
- Atlas (missile) : The first operational intercontinental ballistic missile fielded by the United States, derivatives of which are still used as space launch vehicles
- CIA activities in Cuba : Add brief definition or description
- B-47 Stratojet (bomber) : A Cold War medium jet bomber used by the U.S. Strategic Air Command, whose range required it be based outside the U.S. to reach targets in the Soviet Union
- B-52 Superfortress (bomber) : United States Air Force heavy bomber, first version flown in 1952, entered service in 1961, expected to stay operational until at least 2030
- National Security Agency : An organization within the United States Department of Defense, with the dual roles of the principal signals intelligence agency in the United States intelligence community, but also having the responsibility for information assurance of military, diplomatic, and other critical communications.
- Signals intelligence from 1954 to 1979 : Technology and history of signals intelligence from 1954 to 1979
- U-2 Dragon Lady : A high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft that remains a key U.S. intelligence collection platform.
- George Ball : Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, who regularly advised against escalation in the Vietnam War, believing it detracted from U.S. priorities in Europe
- Dino Brugioni : Former senior official at the CIA's National Photographic Interpretation Center who helped establish imagery intelligence (IMINT); after retirement, worked on the use of imagery in historical research; discovered, well after WWII, photographic evidence of Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp
- McGeorge Bundy : Harvard University professor and dean who became Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs in the John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson Administrations between 1961-1966.
- Roger Hilsman : Add brief definition or description
- John F. Kennedy : American politician (1917-1963); president 1961-1963; assassinated in Dallas.
- Robert F. Kennedy : (1925-1968) Brother of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and served as his Attorney General, then as Senator from New York; Assassinated while a candidate for the 1968 Democratic Party presidential nomination; brother of Senator Edward Kennedy
- Art Lundahl : (1915 – 22 June 1992) American aerial-photography expert whose detection of missile installations in Cuba in 1962 led to the Cuban missile crisis, and who founded the Central Intelligence Agency's National Photographic Interpretation Center.
- Robert McNamara : A specialist in quantitative management who became president of the Ford Motor Company, but was quickly nominated as Secretary of Defense, becoming a major architect of policy, especially for the Vietnam War, in the John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson administrations.
- Dean Rusk : United States Secretary of State from 1961 to 1968 in the Administrations of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, with extensive Asian experience and a strong advocate of U.S. resistance to Communism in Southeast Asia
- William Y. Smith : Retired general, U.S. Air Force, with post-retirement work in think tanks and interest groups strategic and industrial planning, history, public access to information, and U.S. political decisionmaking; intimate access, as a junior officer, to Cuban Missile Crisis details
- Maxwell Taylor : U.S. Army officer who commanded Airborne units in the Second World War, he rose to full general and Chief of Staff of the Army. Recalled from retirement by John F. Kennedy, he took on a number of politicomilitary roles including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Ambassador to South Vietnam.
- Albert Wheelon : First Director of Science & Technology for the Central Intelligence Agency; Member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board and instrumental in the development of U.S. reconnaissance satellites; Member, Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident, who was Executive Vice President, Hughes Aircraft Company at the time
- Charles de Gaulle : French military and political leader who died in 1970.
- Oleg Penkovsky : (1919-1963) Colonel in Soviet military intelligence (GRU), possibly the most important Cold War defector, who remained in place, providing information, until shot
- Janice Gross Stein : Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management in the Department of Political Science and the Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto; theorist of compellence
- Albert Wohlstetter : (1913-1997) A major U.S. strategic researcher, first at the RAND Corporation and then University of Chicago; areas of interest included survivable deterrence, flexible nuclear and non-nuclear response, and the difficulties of verification in arms control; spouse of Roberta Wohlstetter
- Director of Central Intelligence : Formerly, the U.S. official that headed both the Central Intelligence Agency and the United States intelligence community; the responsibility is now split between the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (currently Leon Panetta) and the Director of National Intelligence (currently Dennis Blair)
- Economic warfare : The use of principally non-military methods to impose national policy, when those methods deal in the broad sense of economics, such as embargoes, freezing assets, and buying up raw materials. It may be complemented by military means such as intercepting supply shipments or attacking factories.
- Intelligence analysis : Techniques, independent of the subject matter, for correlating multiple kinds of information, hypothesizing meaning from the set of data available, and, with incomplete information, validating the hypotheses
- Intercontinental ballistic missile : A ballistic missile, carrying one or more warheads, with a range in excess of 5500 kilometers; the definition traditionally referred to land-based weapons, but some submarine-launched ballistic missiles have this capability
- North American Air Defense Command : The joint Canada-U.S. military organization responsible for aerospace threat warning and defense for North America
- U.S. foreign policy : The foreign relations and diplomacy of the United States since 1775.
- U.S. intelligence activities in the Americas : Activities by the United States intelligence community in the Western Hemisphere, including but not limited to that of the Central Intelligence Agency; there are major drug enforcement programs, shared military projects, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation had jurisdiction in WWII