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A list of key readings about Cryptography.
Please sort and annotate in a user-friendly manner. For formatting, consider using automated reference wikification.


More advanced, but dated

  • Friedman, William F. Military Cryptanalysis The original Friedman version is available on the NSA site. The later revised version, Military Cryptanalytics is not.

Definitely mathematical

  • Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C, by Bruce Schneier — a common reference for programmers
  • Handbook of Applied Cryptography by A. J. Menezes, P. C. van Oorschot, and S. A. Vanstone, somewhat more mathematical than Schneier's book. PDF download
  • Introduction to Modern Cryptography by Phillip Rogaway and Mihir Bellare, a mathematical introduction to theoretical cryptography including reduction-based security proofs. PDF download.

Difficulties of cryptography

Well-known papers:

  • "Why Cryptosystems Fail", Ross Anderson HTML
  • "Why Cryptography Is Harder Than It Looks", Bruce Schneier HTML
  • "Lessons Learned in Implementing and Deploying Crypto Software", Peter Gutmann PDF
  • "Why Johnny can't encrypt: a usability evaluation of PGP 5.0", Alma Whitten & J.D. Tygar PDF

Ross Anderson's book Security Engineering provides more detailed coverage. The entire first edition and parts of the second are available online. index page