Cortical surface/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Cortical surface: A concept used to describe the boundaries — in segmented images of the brain — of either white matter or cerebrospinal fluid with gray matter, or representations computed on the basis of these two surfaces.
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- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Cerebral cortex : External tissue layer within the vertebrate brain, ensheathed by the pia mater; home to the nerve cell bodies; important in learning and dementia.
- Surface-based morphometry : A set of computer graphics techniques used to analyze the surface structure of the brain.
- White matter surface : The boundary between white and grey matter of the cerebral cortex, as reconstructed from neuroimaging data.
- Pial surface : A surface representing the boundary between grey matter and cerebrospinal fluid, as reconstructed from neuroimaging data; roughly corresponds to the position of the pia mater.
- Central surface : A surface in between the pial surface and the white matter surface of the cerebral cortex, as reconstructed from neuroimaging data; roughly corresponds to the cortical lamina IV.