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Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county at the extreme southwest of the southwestern peninsula of England, including the nearby Isles of Scilly. It is considered by part of the population as one of the six Celtic nations. The autochthonous language is Cornish, a variety of Celtic which enjoys some legal protection, and the dominant language is English. It has just over half a million inhabitants in an area of 3,563 km² (1,376 square miles), but the area contains a great number of holiday homes.

Administratively it is a unitary authority, with the present county town (and cathedral city) being Truro, but at various times Lostwithiel, Launceston and Bodmin have been the administrative centres.