Causus rhombeatus

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Causus rhombeatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Causinae
Genus: Causus
Species: C. rhombeatus
Binomial name
Causus rhombeatus
(Lichtenstein, 1823)
  • Sepedon rhombeata - Lichtenstein, 1823
  • Col[uber]. v nigrum - F. Boie, 1827
  • Col[uber]. V. nigrum - Cuvier, 1829
  • [Causus] rhombeatus - Wagler, 1830
  • Naja rhombeatus - Schlegel, 1837
  • Aspedilaps rhombeatus - Jan, 1859
  • A[spedilaps]. (Causus) rhombeatus - Jan, 1863
  • Causus rhombeatus - Boulenger, 1896
  • C[ausus]. rhombeatus var. taeniata - Sternfeld, 1912
  • Causus rhombeatus rhombeatus - Laurent, 1956
  • Causus rhombeatus - FitzSimons, 1962
  • Sepedon rhombeatus - Elter, 1981
  • Causus rhombeatus - Golay et al., 1993[1]

Common names: rhombic night adder.[2][3]  
Causus rhombeatus is a venomous viper species found in subsaharan Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]


The average length is 60 cm, but the reported maximum is 93 cm (for a male collected in eastern Zimbabwe).[2]

Geographic range

Found in the savannas of subsaharan Africa from Nigeria east to Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, south through Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, DR Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, northern Botswana, Mozambique, Swaziland, and eastern South Africa to Riverdale in the Western Cape Province. No type locality is listed.[1]

See also

Cited references

  1. 1.0 1.1 McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Ralph Curtis Books. Dubai: Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
  4. Causus rhombeatus (TSN 634840) at Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed 24 March 2007.

External links