30th United States Congress

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United States Capitol

The Thirtieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1847 to March 3, 1849, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President James K. Polk.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Whig majority.

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849

  • First session: December 6, 1847 - August 14, 1848.
  • Second session: December 4, 1848 - March 3, 1849.
  • Previous congress: 29th Congress
  • Next congress: 31st Congress

Party summary

Wisconsin was newly admitted to the Union and first represented as a state in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 60

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 230

Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Events of 1847, 1848 & 1849

Major legislation

List of United States federal legislation in the 30th Congress

Membership highlights by chamber

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1850; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1852; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1848.

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
Wisconsin

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
Wisconsin [1]

Delegates

Wisconsin Territory

Membership detail by state

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1850; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1852; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1848.

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

The list below is arranged by state, then by chamber. Senators are shown in order of seniority, House members in district order.

Alabama

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats)

Arkansas

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Connecticut

Senate
House of Representatives (4 seats)

Delaware

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Florida

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Georgia

Senate
House of Representatives (8 seats)

Illinois

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats)

Indiana

Senate
House of Representatives (10 seats)

Iowa

Senate
  • 3: Augustus C. Dodge]] (1812-1883), Democratic …newly admitted state, seated December 7, 1848.
  • 2: George W. Jones (1804-1896), Democratic …newly admitted state, seated December 7, 1848.

House of Representatives

Kentucky

Senate
House of Representatives (10 seats)

Louisiana

Senate
House of Representatives (4 seats)

Maine

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats)

Maryland

Senate
House of Representatives (6 seats)

Massachusetts

Senate
House of Representatives (10 seats)

Michigan

Senate
House of Representatives (3 seats)

Mississippi

Senate
House of Representatives (4 seats)

Missouri

Senate
House of Representatives (5 seats)

New Hampshire

Senate
House of Representatives (4 seats)

New Jersey

Senate
House of Representatives (5 seats)

New York

Senate
House of Representatives (34 seats)

North Carolina

Senate
House of Representatives (9 seats)

Ohio

Senate
House of Representatives (21 seats)

Pennsylvania

Senate
House of Representatives (24 seats)

Rhode Island

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats)

South Carolina

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats)

Tennessee

Senate
House of Representatives (11 seats)

Texas

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats)

Vermont

Senate
House of Representatives (4 seats)

Virginia

Senate
House of Representatives (15 seats)

Wisconsin

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats) [2]

Delegates

Wisconsin Territory

Membership detail by Chamber/Party

The list below is arranged by chamber, then by political party. Members are shown in alphabetical order.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.

Democratic
A-F
G-L
M-R
S-Z
Whig
A-F
G-R
S-Z
Independent Democratic

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives were elected by popular vote, variously to single member districts or at-large.

Democratic

A-B-C
D-E-F
G-H-I
J-K-L
M-N-O
P-Q-R
S-T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z

Whig

A-B-C
D-E-F
G-H-I
J-K-L
M-N-O
P-Q-R
S-T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z

American

Independent Democratic

Independent

Membership Changes

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
  • replacements: 11
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 2
  • seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: ??
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 10
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 0
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12

Officers

Senate
House of Representatives

Notes

  1. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  2. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.