Difference between revisions of "Sumatra"

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(New page: {{Subpages}} '''Sumatra''' (Indonesian: ''Pulau Sumatra'' or ''Pulau Sumatera'') is the westernmost island in Indonesia, and the sixth largest island in the worl...)
 
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'''Sumatra''' ([[Bahasa Indonesia|Indonesian]]: ''Pulau Sumatra'' or ''Pulau Sumatera'') is  the westernmost island in [[Indonesia]], and the sixth largest island in the world (approx. 473,000 square kilometres or 182,600 square miles). Sumatra has a population of about 45 million (2005 census).
 
'''Sumatra''' ([[Bahasa Indonesia|Indonesian]]: ''Pulau Sumatra'' or ''Pulau Sumatera'') is  the westernmost island in [[Indonesia]], and the sixth largest island in the world (approx. 473,000 square kilometres or 182,600 square miles). Sumatra has a population of about 45 million (2005 census).
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The first written source to mention Sumatra was probably the Indian epic [[Ramayana|Rāmāyaṇa]]. The name mentioned is '''Svarṇa Dvīpa''' (or ''Svarnadvipa'', ''Swarna Dwipa''), meaning "the Island of Gold", referring to the rich deposits of gold in the Sumatran highlands<ref>Citation needed...</ref>.
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Another name, '''Al-Ramni''' or '''Lambri''' - also rendered as ''Rami'', ''Ramli'', ''Lamuri'', ''Lawri'', ''Lan-li'', ''Lan-wul-li'', ''Nan-po-li'', etc. - mentioned by [[Arabia|Arab]] sources from the ninth century and [[China|Chinese]] sources in the twelfth and thirteenth century, was long considered to mean Sumatra as a whole <ref>Marsden, William (1811) ''[http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16768/16768-h/16768-h.htm The History of Sumatra, Containing an Account of the Government, Laws, Customs and Manners of the Native Inhabitants''] (Project Gutenberg EBook), ch. 1</ref>. Nowadays most historical geographers agree that Al-Ramni/Lambri was situated near presentday [[Banda Aceh]], at the northern tip of the island<ref>Edwards McKinnon, E. (1988) [http://cip.cornell.edu/DPubS?service=UI&version=1.0&verb=Display&page=record&handle=seap.indo/1107010942 Beyond Serandib: A Note on Lambri at the Northern Tip of Aceh], ''Indonesia'', Vol. 46, p. 103</ref>.
  
 
== Administrative division ==
 
== Administrative division ==
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# [[West Sumatra]] (''Sumatra Barat'') - capital: [[Padang]]
 
# [[West Sumatra]] (''Sumatra Barat'') - capital: [[Padang]]
 
# [[Riau]] - capital: [[Pekanbaru]]
 
# [[Riau]] - capital: [[Pekanbaru]]
# [[Riau Islands]] (''Kepulauan Riau'') - capital: [[Tanjung Pinang]]
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# [[Riau Islands]]* (''Kepulauan Riau'') - capital: [[Tanjung Pinang]]
 
# [[Jambi]] - capital: [[Jambi (city)|Jambi]]
 
# [[Jambi]] - capital: [[Jambi (city)|Jambi]]
 
# [[Bengkulu]] - capital: [[Bengkulu (city)|Bengkulu]]
 
# [[Bengkulu]] - capital: [[Bengkulu (city)|Bengkulu]]
 
# [[South Sumatra]] (''Sumatra Selatan'') - capital: [[Palembang]]
 
# [[South Sumatra]] (''Sumatra Selatan'') - capital: [[Palembang]]
# [[Bangka-Belitung]] (''Kepulauan Bangka-Belitung'') - capital: [[Pangkal Pinang]]
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# [[Bangka-Belitung]]* (''Kepulauan Bangka-Belitung'') - capital: [[Pangkal Pinang]]
 
# [[Lampung]] - capital: [[Bandar Lampung]]
 
# [[Lampung]] - capital: [[Bandar Lampung]]
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> <small>nearby island groups that are not actually on the island of Sumatra.</small>
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== References ==
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=== Citations ===
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<references/>

Latest revision as of 22:12, 26 January 2008

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Sumatra (Indonesian: Pulau Sumatra or Pulau Sumatera) is the westernmost island in Indonesia, and the sixth largest island in the world (approx. 473,000 square kilometres or 182,600 square miles). Sumatra has a population of about 45 million (2005 census).

The first written source to mention Sumatra was probably the Indian epic Rāmāyaṇa. The name mentioned is Svarṇa Dvīpa (or Svarnadvipa, Swarna Dwipa), meaning "the Island of Gold", referring to the rich deposits of gold in the Sumatran highlands[1].

Another name, Al-Ramni or Lambri - also rendered as Rami, Ramli, Lamuri, Lawri, Lan-li, Lan-wul-li, Nan-po-li, etc. - mentioned by Arab sources from the ninth century and Chinese sources in the twelfth and thirteenth century, was long considered to mean Sumatra as a whole [2]. Nowadays most historical geographers agree that Al-Ramni/Lambri was situated near presentday Banda Aceh, at the northern tip of the island[3].

Administrative division

Sumatra is divided into ten provinces (provinsi):

  1. Aceh - capital: Banda Aceh
  2. North Sumatra (Sumatra Utara) - capital: Medan
  3. West Sumatra (Sumatra Barat) - capital: Padang
  4. Riau - capital: Pekanbaru
  5. Riau Islands* (Kepulauan Riau) - capital: Tanjung Pinang
  6. Jambi - capital: Jambi
  7. Bengkulu - capital: Bengkulu
  8. South Sumatra (Sumatra Selatan) - capital: Palembang
  9. Bangka-Belitung* (Kepulauan Bangka-Belitung) - capital: Pangkal Pinang
  10. Lampung - capital: Bandar Lampung

* nearby island groups that are not actually on the island of Sumatra.

References

Citations

  1. Citation needed...
  2. Marsden, William (1811) The History of Sumatra, Containing an Account of the Government, Laws, Customs and Manners of the Native Inhabitants (Project Gutenberg EBook), ch. 1
  3. Edwards McKinnon, E. (1988) Beyond Serandib: A Note on Lambri at the Northern Tip of Aceh, Indonesia, Vol. 46, p. 103