Operation MARKET-GARDEN/Related Articles
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- 101st Airborne Division : A division of the U.S. Army, originally created as airborne, but now air assault with permanently assigned helicopter mobility
- 82nd Airborne Division : One of the strategic reserve units of the United States Army, this is the only division-sized organization that is completely parachute-qualified for air assault operations.
- Air assault : Military operations in which infantry are carried by aircraft onto, or very near, the target, or by parachuting. The aircraft may be helicopters, tilt-rotor aircraft, short-landing transports, or, historically, gliders.
- Arnhem : Dutch city; capital of the province of Gelderland.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower : (1890-1969) A career soldier who was the top Allied commander in Europe in World War II, and who later served as the 34th president of the United States (1953-1961).
- Indochinese revolution : The period, within the Wars of Vietnam, 1858-1987, between which France reasserted its colonial authority over Indochina in 1945, created a proto-state of Vietnam under a provisional government during which there was increasing insurgency, fought conventionally combat with the Viet Minh starting in 1950, and ended in 1954. The end, militarily, involved the defeat of French forces at Dien Bien Phu and. politically, with the creation of North Vietnam and South Vietnam by the Geneva accords
- Maxwell Taylor : U.S. Army officer who commanded Airborne units in the Second World War, he rose to full general and Chief of Staff of the Army. Recalled from retirement by John F. Kennedy, he took on a number of politicomilitary roles including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Ambassador to South Vietnam.
- Paratroop : A subset of air assault military forces, which arrive at a tactical objective by deliberately parachuting from aircraft
- World War II, air war, Mediterranean and European tactical operations : Following the cancellation of the invasion of Britain, while harassment continued of the British Isles and the Eastern Front, the Germans searched for new opportunities in 1940-1941, finding them in Southern Europe, met, in part, by the invasion of North Africa in 1942, which led to the Italian campaign.
- XVIII Airborne Corps : A corps headquarters of the United States Army, long reserved for highly mobile strategic reserve operations but now deployed when the corps level of command is needed; headed by LTG Frank Helmick