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| Vipera bulgardaghica|
Nilson & Andrén, 1985
Grows to a maximum length of about 78 cm.
Found in the Bulgar Dagh (Bolkar Dagi) mountains of Nigde Province, south central Anatolia, Turkey. The type locality given is "Cilician Taurus (Kar Boghaz, Bulgar Dagh, 2500 m) province Nigde (= Karbogaz, Bolkar dagi UlukiПla), south central Anatolia, Turkey.
This species is classified as Critically Endangered (CR) according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with the following criteria: B1+2e, C2a (v2.3, 1994). This indicates that the extent of its occurrence is estimated to be less than 100 km² or the area of its occupancy is estimated to be less than 10 km². Estimates also indicate that the populations are severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than five locations, and that a continuing decline is inferred, observed or projected, in the number of mature individuals. In addition, the total population is estimated to number less than 250 mature individuals with no subpopulation containing more than 50 such specimens. Year assessed: 1996.
It is also listed as a protected species (Appendix III) under the Berne Convention.
- List of viperine species and subspecies.
- True vipers - Common names.
- True vipers - Synonymy.
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
- Vipera bulgardaghica (TSN 634990) at Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed 27 June 2007.
- Vipera bulgardaghica at IUCN Red List. Accessed 6 October 2006.
- 1994 Categories & Criteria (version 2.3)IUCN Red List. Accessed 6 October 2006.
- Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Appendix III at Council of Europe. Accessed 9 October 2006.
- Golay P, Smith HM, Broadley DG, Dixon JR, McCarthy. Golray P, Schatti J-C, Toriba M. 1993. Endoglyphs and Other Major Venomous Snakes of the World: A Checklist. New York: Springer-Verlag. 393 pp.