User:Elina Rantala/France

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French Republic
Flag of france.jpg     France coa.png
Motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
National anthem La Marseillaise
Capital Paris
Official language French
Government type Republic
President Nicolas Sarkozy (before: Jacques Chirac)
Prime Minister François Fillon (before: Dominique de Villepin)
Area 674,83 km²
213,010 mi²
Population 64 102 100 (20th)
(2007 estimate)
Population density 113/km² (89th)
293 mi²
HDI 0.942 (high) (16th) (2004)
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Summer:CEST (UTC+2)
Country codes Internet TLD : fr
Calling code : +33


France is a Western Europe country, officially known under the name 'French Republic'. It also comprises various overseas islands and territories located on other continents. France has existed in various forms for centuries. It is a member of the European Union and NATO.

Geography

Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. Metropolitan France is also referred as the 'Hexagon' because of its geometric shape.

The direct neighbors of metropolitan France are :

France is also linked to the United Kingdom by the Channel Tunnel, which passes underneath the English Channel.

Because of its overseas territories, France also shares land borders with Brazil and Suriname (bordering French Guiana), and the Netherlands Antilles (bordering Saint-Martin).

Politics

The French Republic is a democracy. It has a bicameral parliament which is divided into the National Assembly and the Senate. The Assembly has 577 'deputies', elected every 5 years, while the senate has 331 senators, elected for a 3-year term.

Economy

France has a highly-developed industrial economy, one of the largest in the world. It is a member of the G8, a group of the largest and most influential industrial countries in the world.

International relations

France is a founding member of the European Union and the United Nations (permanent member of the United Nations Security Council).

Demographics

History