Universal jurisdiction/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Universal jurisdiction, or pages that link to Universal jurisdiction or to this page or whose text .
- International law : The formal conduct of interactions between nation-states, both at the national level and on behalf of their citizens; generally accepted as first formalized by Hugo Grotius.
- Crimes against humanity : Add brief definition or description
- Genocide : The deliberate killing or other destruction of a large group, membership in which is a broad criterion such as ethnicity or religion rather than individual acts
- Hostis humani generis : A legal principle that certain acts, such as piracy, slavery and genocide, puts one outside the norms of civilization and makes one an "enemy of all mankind", subject to early forms of universal jurisdiction or summary action
- Augusto Pinochet : Add brief definition or description
- Forti v. Suarez Mason : A 1987 U.S. case that determined that the principle of hostis humani generis applied to torturers, and thus placed them under universal jurisdiction, such that they could be appreheded by any country even though the torture had taken place in that country, and the parties were not citizens of that country
- Martinez Baca v. Suarez Mason : Add brief definition or description
- Filartiga v. Pena-Irala : A 1984 decision by a U.S. appellate court, which supported universal jurisdiction over torture, and command responsibility for the superiors of torturers
- Piracy : Violence against, or detention of, by private individuals, against aircraft or ships under national registry
- Slavery : A social system in which people have legal rights of property ownership over others.
- Terrorism : An act, with targets including civilians or civilian infrastructure, intended to create an atmosphere of fear in order to obtain a political objective.
- Torture : The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique.
- Geneva Conventions : For international law, the principal group of treaties addressing humanitarian aspects of war
- International Criminal Court : A permanent tribunal, established by treaty among over 120 nations but not part of the United Nations, for trying individuals for crimes against humanity; a number of major countries do not accept its authority
- International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg : Add brief definition or description
- International Military Tribunal (Tokyo) : Add brief definition or description