Triple-base propellant/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Triple-base propellant: Smokeless powder, used in artillery, made from nitrocellulose, nitroglycerin or another explosive plasticizer, and nitroguanidine; it burns with equivalent energy, but at a lower temperature than other propellants, thus reducing barrel wear, and has much less muzzle flash
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- Explosives : Explosive agent; a compound or mixture susceptible of a rapid chemical reaction, as gunpowder, or nitroglycerin.
- Artillery : Crew-served military devices for propelling payloads over distance
- Nitrocellulose : An early explosive of the aliphatic nitrate ester family, still widely used in smokeless gunpowder and some blasting explosives
- Nitroglycerin : A very unstable, shock-sensitive high-explosive which also has medical uses as a vasodilator in heart disease
- Nitroguanidine : An explosive with an especially low burning temperature, primarily used in firearms propellant charges to reduce barrel wear; a triple-base propellant combines nitroglycerin, nitrocellulose and nitroguanidine
- Single-base propellant : Used in cannons, small arms, and grenades, these are based on nitrocellulose as the explosive component, with stabilizers, plasticizers, and possibly organic nitrates (e.g., potassium nitrate or ammonium nitrate)
- Double-base propellant : A form of smokeless gunpowder with the primary constituents being nitrocellulose and a plasticizer, such as nitroglycerin or BTN (explosive)