Trauma medicine/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Trauma medicine, or pages that link to Trauma medicine or to this page or whose text .
- Surgery : Field of medicine that focuses on operative treatments of the body.
- Trauma (physical) : Physical injury to multiple bodily systems, or to critical systems/organs such as the brain or lungs, with a significant chance of irreversible traumatic shock
- Emergency medicine : Emergency medicine is both a specific medical specialty dealing with the proper care of patients with unexpected injuries or disease, but also the provision of entire systems for such care, beginning with minimal bystander assistance, through field medicine, emergency rooms and trauma centers, and movement to specialized facilities such as burn units and interventional neuroradiology
- Lethal triad : In the context of trauma medicine and damage control surgery, the combination of trauma induced coagulopathy, hypothermia and metabolic acidosis
- Trauma induced coagulopathy : Recently recognized and incompletely defined patterns of blood coagulation abnormalities following trauma and also developing in trauma resuscitation
- Hypothermia : Mammalian body temperature significantly below normal, as a result of trauma, accidental cold exposure, disease or deliberate induction for treatment
- Metabolic acidosis : Refers to an abnormal chemical compositional state of the body that clinicians characterize as abnormally increased acidity — measured as pH reduction or hydrogen ion concentration ([H+]) increase — accompanied by abnormally reduced bicarbonate concentration ([HCO3-]) concentration in the extracellular fluid compartment (ECF) of the body, acknowledging that in most cases similar compositional abnormalities exist in the intracellular fluid compartment (ICF) as well.
Types of trauma
- Blast injuries : Injuries resulting when a person is struck by the pressure differentials of the shock wave of an explosion (primary); is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion (secondary); is physically thrown about by the blast (tertiary); or is affected by fire, building collapse or other effects of the explosion on the victim's surroundings (quaternary)
- Crush injury : Physiological consequences of prolonged heavy pressure on body parts, which can be catastrophic if released suddenly without patient preparation; the crushing releases toxic substances from devitalized muscle
- Damage control surgery : Minimal surgery, before transfer to the Surgical Intensive Care Unit, that achieves control of hemorrhage and contamination without exposing the multiply injured patient to the lethal triad caused by excessively long initial operations
- Tranexamic acid : An antifibrinolytic hemostatic used in severe hemorrhage.
- Emergency medical system : Under physician control, a system beginning with methods for invoking it, delivering field medicine and transporting patients by emergency medical technicians, emergency physician response and triage
- Incident Command System : An increasingly worldwide set of procedures and doctrines for operational response to emergencies requiring response from different organizations, ranging from multiple units of the same local fire department or police force, to major disasters covering large regions and requiring national or international resources