NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --


From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
(Redirected from Totalitarian)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

Totalitarianism is any political system, or ideologies that support such a system, in which a centralized political authority controls every aspects of life, including economics, culture, and religion, and all civil institutions are tightly under the direct authority of the government. Political oppression, show trials and summary executions are generally prevalent in totalitarian states. Civil liberties are little or non-existent in totalitarian societies. The government in a totalitarian society often uses police and intelligence organizations to enforce its power and to terrorize the populace, often with powers of extrajudicial detention.


"Police state" implies that the control mechanism is the dominant aspect of government. The Soviet Union, for example, had, as a major part of its government, the Organs of State Security. Nazi Germany had a complex Reich Main Security Administration. More recently, Iraq, before the Gulf War, was dominated by the security organization of Saddam Hussein.

In some past and present Islamic states, a totalitarian regime was religiously based, such as in Afghanistan under the Taliban.


There are many analytic works on the origin and structure of totalitarianism. One of the most famous one is Origins of Totalitarianism, a tome authored by German philosopher Hannah Arendt. Francis Fukuyama discusses the need for control in The End of History and the Last Man.