This is for starters, needs lots of work --Peter A. Lipson 13:26, 27 April 2007 (CDT)
Great to see this start! Writing out a plan for the article here is always helpful, or making the headings in the article as an outline. For example- if you want laryngeal tb to be a part, and made the heading I would write it. But maybe you will approach the subject from a different viewpoint than affected systems, you decide how this is best done and we will help. (If we can) Nancy Sculerati 14:45, 27 April 2007 (CDT) P.S. Nice to meet you.
- Thanks much!--Peter A. Lipson 17:08, 27 April 2007 (CDT)
Plan for article
Now that I've started in, I have a plan (better late than never). I'd like to see if I can convey the important aspects of the disease, while incorporating history. Right now, there is a lot of redundancy, but this will be pulled together.Nancy Sculerati 16:28, 28 April 2007 (CDT)
Watters DA. Surgery for tuberculosis before and after human immunodeficiency virus infection: a tropical perspective. [Review] [94 refs] [Journal Article. Review] British Journal of Surgery. 84(1):8-14, 1997 Jan. UI: 9043439
Aguado JM. Herrero JA. Gavalda J. Torre-Cisneros J. Blanes M. Rufi G. Moreno A. Gurgui M. Hayek M. Lumbreras C. Cantarell C. Clinical presentation and outcome of tuberculosis in kidney, liver, and heart transplant recipients in Spain. Spanish Transplantation Infection Study Group, GESITRA.[erratum appears in Transplantation 1997 Sep 27;64(6):942]. [Review] [22 refs] [Journal Article. Multicenter Study. Review] Transplantation. 63(9):1278-86, 1997 May 15. UI: 9158022 ACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is unusual in transplant recipients. The incidence, clinical manifestations, and optimal treatment of this disease in this population has not been adequately defined. The present study was undertaken to assess the incidence, clinical features, and response to therapy of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in solid-organ transplant recipients. METHODS: We evaluated retrospectively the incidence, clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, antituberculous treatment, clinical course, and factors influencing mortality in 51 solid-organ transplant recipients who developed tuberculosis after transplantation. We also reviewed the world literature on tuberculosis in solid-organ transplantation. RESULTS: The overall incidence of tuberculosis was 0.8%. The localization was pulmonary in 63% of the cases, disseminated in 25%, and extrapulmonary in 12%. Tuberculosis developed from 15 days to 13 years after surgery (mean, 23 months). In one third of the cases, diagnosis was not suspected initially, and in three cases, diagnosis was made at necropsy. Fever was the most frequent symptom, followed by constitutional symptoms, cough, respiratory insufficiency, and pleuritic pain. Fifteen patients (33%) developed hepatotoxicity during treatment; hepatotoxicity was severe in seven cases. Hepatotoxicity was higher in patients receiving four or more antituberculous drugs (50%) than in patients receiving three drugs (21%; P=0.03). Serum levels of cyclosporine decreased in the 26 patients under the simultaneous use of rifampin. Nine of them (35%) developed acute rejection, and five (56%) died, in comparison with 3 of 17 patients (18%) who did not develop rejection after the use of cyclosporine and rifampin (P=0.03). Although microbiological response was favorable in 94% of the 35 patients who completed 6 or more months of treatment, 16 other patients (31%) died before diagnosis or in the course of treatment. None of the patients treated for more than 9 months died as a consequence of tuberculosis, whereas the mortality rate was 33% among those treated for 6 to 9 months (P=0.03). Use of antilymphocyte antibodies or high doses of steroids for acute rejection before tuberculosis was associated with a higher mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS: M tuberculosis causes serious and potentially life-threatening disease in solid-organ transplant recipients. Treatment with at least three drugs during 9 months or more, avoiding the use of rifampin, appears to be appropriate. [References: 22]
Small PM, Hopewell PC, Singh SP, et al. The epidemiology of tuberculosis in San Francisco: a population-study using conventional and molecular methods. N Engl J Med 1994; 330: 1703-09.
Long R. Guzman R. Greenberg H. Safneck J. Hershfield E. Tuberculous mycotic aneurysm of the aorta: review of published medical and surgical experience.[see comment]. [Review] [74 refs] [Case Reports. Journal Article. Review] Chest. 115(2):522-31, 1999 Feb. UI: 10027455 To define the epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathology, presentation, and management of tuberculous mycotic aneurysm of the aorta (TBAA) in the therapeutic era, we reviewed all of the cases reported in the English language literature from 1945 to the present. To the 39 cases in the published literature, we add two cases of our own. Although it is exceedingly rare, the prevalence of this lesion has remained relatively constant. In 75% of the cases, TBAA appeared to result from erosion of the aortic wall by a contiguous focus; 25% from direct seeding of the aortic intima or of the adventitia or media (via the vasa vasorum). Most of the aneurysms were saccular (90%) and false (88%). The thoracic and abdominal aortas were affected with equal frequency. The mean (+/- SD) age of the patients was 50+/-16 years. Twenty-two were men, and 19 were women. In 63% of the cases, tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed at presentation. Disseminated TB was present in 46% of the cases. One or more of three clinical scenarios suggested TBAA: persistent pain, major bleeding, and a palpable or radiographically visible para-aortic mass, especially if it is expanding or pulsatile. In turn, each of these findings suggested a complication of TBAA that may be an indication for surgical intervention. Among the patients who were offered both medical and surgical treatment, 20 of 23 (87%) survived. Among those who were offered only one form of treatment or were offered no treatment at all there were no survivors. Both in situ reconstruction with a prosthetic graft, and extra-anatomic bypass appeared to offer excellent results, provided that an effective regimen of antituberculous drugs was delivered postoperatively. We offer our conclusions: (1) symptomatic TBAA is a rare but uniformly fatal lesion if not diagnosed promptly, (2) in the context of active TB, and especially miliary TB, TBAA should be suspected whenever one or more of the three clinical scenarios are present, and (3) combined medical and surgical therapy appears to offer the best chance of a cure. [References: 74]
Nancy, I added the citations you listed above to the article about where I think you would want them. All you have to do is type relevant text before the reference. Peter A. Lipson 20:52, 1 May 2007 (CDT)