Seven hills of Rome
The Seven hills of Rome are a group of seven hills on the east bank of the river Tiber in central-western Italy, over which the centre of the city of Rome developed in ancient times. They are currently part of the historic city centre of contemporary Rome.
The Palatine hill (Latin: Collis Palatinus, Italian: Colle Palatino) is the one where, according to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus, and where the palace of the Roman Emperor stood; it is now an archaeological area. The other six are:
- the Aventine hill (Latin: Collis Aventinum, Italian: Colle Aventino)
- the Capitoline hill (Latin: Collis Capitolinus, Italian: Colle Capitolino)
- the Quirinal hill (Latin: Collis Quirinalis, Italian: Colle Quirinale)
- the Viminal hill (Latin: Collis Viminalis, Italian: Colle Viminale)
- the Esquiline hill (Latin: Collis Esquilinus, Italian: Colle Esquilino)
- the Caelian hill (Latin: Collis Caelius, Italian: Colle Celio)
All are densely inhabited areas except the Capitoline hill, which is the seat of the Comune di Roma (the city council palace, including the Mayor's office).
Note that the other famous Roman hill, the Vatican hill (Latin: Collis Vaticanum, Italian: Colle Vaticano) is not one of the traditional "seven hills" of Rome, as it sits on the right bank of the Tiber.