Research ethics committee

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Research ethics committees are "hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects"[1]


Background

Department of Health & Human Services Inspector General (1998)

Belmont Report

The Belmont Report (1979) addresses: Boundaries Between Practice and Research

  • Basic Ethical Principles
    • Respect for Persons
    • Beneficence
    • Justice
  • Applications
    • Informed Consent
    • Assessment of Risk and Benefits
    • Selection of Subjects

45 CFR 46 (1974)

45 CFR 46 is the "Regulations for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research"

National Research Act (1974)

  • Established the "National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research" ("The National Commission")
  • Required Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) at institutions receiving Public Health Service support for human subjects research.

The Nuremberg Code (1947)

Established 10 points

Beecher article (1966)

Text.[2]

References

  1. Anonymous (2015), Research ethics committee (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Beecher HK (1966). "Ethics and clinical research.". N Engl J Med 274 (24): 1354-60. DOI:10.1056/NEJM196606162742405. PMID 5327352. Research Blogging.