Political philosophy/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Political philosophy, or pages that link to Political philosophy or to this page or whose text .
- philosophy: The study of the meaning and justification of beliefs about the most general, or universal, aspects of things.
- politics: Activity that relates to the way in which society is governed, and the process by which human beings living in communities make decisions and establish obligatory values for its members.
- Anarchism: Doctrine that all forms of government are undesirable and should be abolished.
- Capitalism: Economic system based on the private ownership of resources and industry for the purpose of profit.
- Communitarianism: The view that the rights of the individuals to self-accomplishment should be balanced with duties and responsibilities toward society as well as by a stronger sense of the common good.
- Conservatism: Political principles and practices that oppose radical reform, emphasising respect for existing institutions and traditions, and often involving support for the free enterprise capitalism.
- Globalization: The interaction of peoples, cultures, and businesses worldwide, which tend to overcome traditional national and cultural boundaries
- Imperialism: The policy of extending the authority or rule of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and retaining dependencies and colonies.
- Islamist: A person who holds that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life.
- Justice: The concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, fairness, religion and/or equity.
- Liberalism: Economic and political doctrine advocating free enterprise, free competition and free will.
- Liberal internationalism: A political philosophy that sees the greatest world benefits coming from an active movement to an international order, not necessarily world government
- Libertarianism: A political ideology that regards individual freedom as having the highest value in society.
- Monarchism: A state ruled by a monarchy – an unelected, sovereign individual head of state - or support for such a state.
- Multiculturalism: Add brief definition or description
- Nationalism: Strong belief that the interests of a particular nation-state are of primary importance.
- Neoconservatism: A political philosophy and ideology which combines many traditional conservative opinions with an emphasis on the importance of foreign policy and using American power to push democracy forward.
- Realism: A concept, in foreign policy, that actors can cooperate on matters of common external concern, without attempting to reform one anothers' internal structures
- Social choice theory: The study of systems of collective decision-making.
- Social contract: Agreement among the members of an organized society or between the governed and the government defining and limiting the rights and duties of each.
- Utilitarianism: Philosophical doctrine created by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill which states that an action can be considered good to the extent that it increases the general level of happiness in society.
- Aristotle: (384-322 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, and one of the most influential figures in the western world between 350 BCE and the sixteenth century.
- Jeremy Bentham: (1748–1832) British utilitarian political philosopher.
- Isaiah Berlin: Add brief definition or description
- Ronald Dworkin: A practicing physician and anesthesiologist who does research and writing in healthcare policy; senior fellow, Hudson Institute; PhD in political philosophy from the Johns Hopkins University
- Milton Friedman: Capitalist, libertarian economist and political theorist and winner of the 1976 Nobel Prize in Economics.
- Francis Fukuyama: Professor at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, author and government adviser on global development and foreign policy; in and out of neoconservatism; adjunct fellow, Hudson Institute; director, National Endowment for Democracy, New America Foundation
- Samuel Huntington: An American political scientist, futurist and sociologist (1927-2008), with numerous academic and government posts; well known for his "clash of civilizations" theories and analysis of the motivations of soldiers
- H. L. A. Hart: Add brief definition or description
- Thomas Hobbes: English political philosopher of the 17th century.
- Henry Kissinger: (1923—) American academic, diplomat, and simultaneously Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Secretary of State in the Nixon Administration; promoted realism (foreign policy) and détente with China and the Soviet Union; shared 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for ending the Vietnam War; Director, Atlantic Council
- Vladimir Lenin: Add brief definition or description
- John Locke: (1632–1704) English empiricist philosopher.
- Niccolò Machiavelli: (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) Italian philosopher and writer, considered one of the main founders of modern political science.
- Karl Marx: 19th century philosopher and economist. Creator of a theoretical foundation for Communism.
- John Stuart Mill: Leading 19th-century British philosopher who made major contributions to ethics, economics, and political philosophy.
- Robert Nozick: (1938–2002) American political philosopher, known for Anarchy, State, and Utopia, which espoused libertarianism, minarchism and capitalism.
- Plato: (circa 427-347 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher, whose dialogues, supposedly recording conversations with Socrates, contain many of the debates central to Western philosophy.
- Ayn Rand: (1905-82) Russian-born novelist, nowadays credited as the founder of the philosophical movement called Objectivism; wrote Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead etc
- John Rawls: (1921–2002) American liberal political philosopher and professor at Harvard University.
- Leo Strauss: The main theoretical founder of neoconservatism
- Albert Wohlstetter: (1913-1997) A major U.S. strategic researcher, first at the RAND Corporation and then University of Chicago; areas of interest included survivable deterrence, flexible nuclear and non-nuclear response, and the difficulties of verification in arms control; spouse of Roberta Wohlstetter
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau: (1712–1778) French author and philosopher.