Research peer review
Research peer review is part of the editorial process of academic journals and scientific journals and is the "evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions."
Peer review seems to successfully stratify articles. In one study, articles rejected by a academic journal were very unlikely to be subsequently published in a journal with higher impact factor. The use reporting guidelines such as STROBE and CONSORT during peer review may help.
Problems with peer review have been summarized.
Reviewers may have biases in their judgments of manuscripts.
Reviewers may miss important mistakes in articles.
Reviewers may provide worse reviews as the reviewers progress in their careers.
Post-publication peer review
Post-publication peer review may be limited by the lack of responses by authors to comments on their articles.
Recently, blog-based peer-review has been tested, yielding mixed results.
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