Olympic Games/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Olympic Games, or pages that link to Olympic Games or to this page or whose text .
- Sports : Activities that involve skill and physical exertion, and that are governed by a generally accepted set of rules and guidelines.
Summer Olympics Games
- Aquatics : A term for water sports, subdivided into five distinct branches: swimming, water polo, diving, open water swimming, and synchronized swimming.
- Archery : An individual sport involving shooting at a target using a bow and arrow.
- Athletics : The collective term for a group of athletic events in walking, running, jumping or throwing.
- Badminton : An indoor game in which players on opposite sides of a net hit a shuttlecock with wire-strung rackets.
- Baseball : A ball game, using a small spherical ball and a striker called a bat, played between two teams of 9 players each on a field with a diamond shaped circuit consisting of 4 bases.
- Basketball : A ball game played between two teams of 5 players, the objective of which is to throw the ball through one of a pair of hoops fixed above each end of the playing court.
- Boxing : A combat sport between two opponents in a roped, square ring who attempt to strike each other with fists enclosed in padded gloves.
- Canoe-kayak : Add brief definition or description
- Cycling : The sport, recreational activity and means of transportation of riding a bicycle.
- Equestrian : Add brief definition or description
- Fencing : The martial art, sport or act of fighting with bladed weapons, typically including swords, daggers and knives.
- Association football (soccer) : A sport in which two teams, each consisting of 11 players, compete to move a spherical ball around the playing field and into their opponents' goal; with the exception of the goalkeeper, players may not use their hands or arms to control the ball.
- Gymnastics : An individual, competitive sport involving the performance of acrobatic exercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, gracefulness, and kinesthetic awareness.
- : A game consisting of two teams of seven players each in which a ball is passed by hand with the aim of scoring points by throwing the ball into each other's goal.
- Hockey : Term used for a number of team sports, all of which involve the players using some form of stick to move an object (ball or puck) and attempting to score by putting that object into the opposing team's net.
- Judo : Martial art of Japanese origin.
- Modern pentathlon : Add brief definition or description
- Rowing : Both an Olympic-level sport and the act of manually propelling a small boat by using oars.
- Sailing : The use of wind and a sail to move an object.
- Shooting : Add brief definition or description
- Softball : A modified form of baseball, played on a smaller field and using a larger ball which is thrown with an underhanded motion; exists in two forms, slow pitch and fastpitch.
- Table tennis : Add brief definition or description
- Taekwondo : Add brief definition or description
- Tennis : A sport played on a hard-surfaced rectangular court, between either two players or two teams of two players each, in which the players attempt to strike a hollow rubber ball, using a stringed raquet, over a net into the opponent's half of the court.
- Triathlon : An endurance athletic competition involving running, cycling, and swimming.
- Volleyball : A game consisting of two teams of six players each in which a large ball is struck by hand over a high net with the aim of preventing the opposing team from returning the ball before it strikes the ground.
- Weightlifting : Add brief definition or description
- Wrestling : Add brief definition or description
Winter Olympics Games
- : The I Winter Olympic Games, held in Chamonix, France.
- : The II Winter Olympic Games, held in Sankt Moritz, Switzerland.
- : The III Winter Olympic Games, held in Lake Placid, New York (USA).
- : The IV Winter Olympic Games, held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
- : The V Winter Olympic Games, held in Sankt Moritz, Switzerland.
- : The VI Winter Olympic Games, held in Oslo, Norway.
- : The VII Winter Olympic Games, held in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy.
- : The VIII Winter Olympic Games, held in Squaw Valley, California (USA).
- : The IX Winter Olympic Games, held in Innsbruck, Austria.
- : The X Winter Olympic Games, held in Grenoble, France.
- : The XI Winter Olympic Games, held in Sapporo, Japan.
- : The XII Winter Olympic Games, held in Innsbruck, Austria.
- : The XIII Winter Olympic Games, held in Lake Placid, New York (USA).
- : The XIV Winter Olympic Games, held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.
- : The XV Winter Olympic Games, held in Calgary, Canada.
- : The XVI Winter Olympic Games, held in Albertville, France.
- : The XVII Winter Olympic Games, held in Lillehammer, Norway.
- : The XVIII Winter Olympic Games, held in Nagano, Japan.
- : The XIX Winter Olympic Games, held in Salt Lake City, Utah (USA).
- : The XX Winter Olympic Games, held in Turin, Italy.
- : The XXI Winter Olympic Games, held in Vancouver, Canada.
- Biathlon : An athletic competition combining the sport activities of cross-country, or Nordic, skiing, and rifle shooting.
- Bobsleigh : Add brief definition or description
- Curling : A game, invented in Scotland, which involves two teams of four players who slide a heavy stone towards a target at the opposite end of a long, narrow sheet of ice.
- Ice hockey : A game, played on ice, which consists of two teams of six players, each attempting to drive a small hard rubber disc called a puck into their opponent's goal net.
- Luge : Add brief definition or description
- Skating : Add brief definition or description
- Skiing : Various means of travelling over snow with the aid of skis which are bound to the foot using a special boot; in sporting terms the main classifications are Alpine skiing and Nordic skiing.
- All-Africa Games : A multi-sport event, also known as the Pan African Games is organised by the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA). It was first held in 1965 in Brazzaville, Congo and occurs every four years
- Ancient Olympic Games : Major athletic contest of ancient Greece.
- Asian Games : A multi-sport event, also called the 'Asiad', held every four years between competitors from nations in Asia. The inaugural competition was in 1951 at New Delhi, India.
- Commonwealth Games : A multi-sport event held every four years, involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. Originally known as the 'British Empire Games', it was first held in 1930 at Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
- Gay Games : Quadrennial sports and cultural festival held by the lesbian and gay communities.
- : A multi-sport event inspired by the Olympic boycotts of 1980 and 1984. The founder was Ted Turner, and the inaugural event was 1986 in Moscow, Russia.
- : A multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. The inaugural competition was in 1951 at Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- Paralympic Games : A multi-sport event organised by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. They are held shortly after the Olympic Games, the first official occasion being after the 1960 Rome Summer Olympics.
- : The only organisation recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and able to use the Olympic name. They organise Olympic-style competitions for people with intellectual disabilities.
- : A multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "Olympiad". The inaugural summer event was in 1959 in Turin, Italy and the winter event was the following year in Chamonix, France.
- International Olympic Committee : The organizing committee of the Olympic Games.
- World Anti-Doping Agency : An international, independent agency founded in 1999 to provide testing and evaluation services in the fight against doping in sports.
- : An independent organization founded in 1984 to provide for the settlement of sports related disputes through binding arbitration.
- Pierre de Coubertin : (1863 – 1937) founder of the modern Olympic movement.
- : A biannual international chess tournament inspired by the Olympic Games.
- Science Olympics : International championships in science disciplines, with mainly students participating.