From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Neuroimaging, or pages that link to Neuroimaging or to this page or whose text .
- Neuroscience : The study of nervous systems and their components.
- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Imaging : The generation of visual representations of objects, situations or processes, even when the methods used to generate the image are outside the sensitivity of the human eye.
- Medicine : The study of health and disease of the human body.
- Medical imaging : The generation of visual representations of clinically relevant objects.
- Biomedical imaging : The generation of visual representations of clinically or biologically relevant objects.
- Radiology : A physician specialty with a core competence in obtaining and diagnosing by means of instruments that receive energy transmitted through the body; there are a number of subspecialties.
- Computed tomography : An imaging technique that computes three-dimensional representations of an object from a series of two-dimensional x-ray images.
- Magnetic resonance imaging : The use of magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation to visualize internal structures of non-magnetic objects non-destructively.
- Pneumoencephalography : A historic neuroimaging technique based on temporarily replacing cerebrospinal fluid with a contrast agent (often simply air) to allow for sufficient soft-tissue contrast when imaging the brain with x rays; mainly used to evaluate the size of the brain ventricles which are enlarged in some neuropsychiatric diseases, e.g. in schizophrenia.
- Electroencephalography : A technique that records brain electrical activity non-invasively.
- Functional magnetic resonance imaging : A neuroimaging technique used to monitor task-specific blood oxygenation, primarily in the brain.
- Positron emission tomography : A medical imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism.
- Magnetoencephalography : Study of cerebral function by mapping the magnetic fields associated with the electric currents generated by neuronal activity. The magnetic fields are usually detected using an array of SQUID detectors.
- Functional transcranial Doppler sonography : A neuroimaging technique in which ultrasonic energy is directed along the cerebral arteries, recording blood cell reflections and determining blood flow velocity
- Nuclear medicine : That medical specialty, or subspecialty, concerned with diagnosis and treatment using radioisotopes administered to the patient
- Medical physics : The study of medical problems with methods borrowed or derived from physics
- Biomedical engineering : The application of engineering principles to the study and manipulation of biological systems and to the support of health care.
- Biophysics : The study of forces and energies in biological systems.
- Brain morphometry : The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time.
- Incidental finding : The discovery of indications for pathologies in subjects that belonged to the healthy control group for a research study.
- Default mode network of the brain : A set of structures in the brain that have been found to be particularly active when the brain is engaged with no particular activity.
- : A linear framework central to many popular statistical applications.