Narcissistic personality disorder

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Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is identified as a personality disorder characterized by an extreme focus on oneself. It is a maladaptive, rigid, and persistent condition that may influence significant interpersonal distress, as well as social impairment . The term was first used by Heinz Kohut [1] and is a core psychopathology acknowledged in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. [2]

NPD falls within the B cluster of personality disorders, along with Borderline personality disorder , Histrionic personality disorder and Antisocial personality disorder. [2]

Diagnostic criteria

Note: The American Psychiatric Association, which publishes the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, forbids the unauthorized reproduction of their diagnostic criteria. A narrative of the DSM-IV-TR criteria follows.

References

  1. Kohut, H. (1971). The Analysis of the Self
  2. 2.0 2.1 American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. American Psychiatric Press: Washington DC


Personality disorders
Cluster A (Odd): Schizotypal | Schizoid | Paranoid
Cluster B (Dramatic): Antisocial | Borderline | Histrionic | Narcissistic
Cluster C (Anxious): Dependent | Obsessive-Compulsive | Avoidant