Monarchy of the United Kingdom/Addendum
The Royal Family
(in order of precedence )
- Queen Elizabeth.
- Prince Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh.
- Prince Charles, Prince of Wales.
- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (wife of Prince Charles).
- Prince William (son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana).
- Katherine, Duchess of Cambridge (wife of Prince William}
- Prince Harry, (second son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana)
- Andrew, Duke of York (second son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip).
- Edward, Earl of Wessex (third son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip).
- Sophie, Countess of Wessex (wife of Prince Edward).
- Princess Anne, Princess Royal (daughter of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip.
- Richard, Duke of Gloucester (grandson of George V).
- Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester (wife of Richard, Duke of Gloucester).
- Edward, Duke of Kent (grandson of King George V).
- Katherine, Duchess of Kent (wife of Edward, Duke of Kent).
- Princess Alexandra (daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Kent}.
- Prince Michael of Kent (cousin to Queen Elizabeth).
The Royal Prerogatives
The royal prerogatives operate in three distinct ways, as the sovereign’s constitutional prerogatives, as the legal prerogatives of the Crown, and as the prerogative executive powers .
The sovereign’s constitutional prerogatives
The personal discretionary powers of the Sovereign include the rights to advise, encourage and warn Ministers in private; to appoint the Prime Minister and other Ministers; and to assent to legislation. The Sovereign may, in a grave constitutional crisis, act without or against ministerial advice. In ordinary circumstances, however the Sovereign, accepts and gives way to Ministerial advice.
The legal prerogatives of the Crown
There is a range of traditional legal prerogatives which can be exercised by the Crown. They include the principle that the Crown can do no wrong, and that the Crown is not bound by statute "unless named". Many of them been amended by parliament and many are obsolete.
The prerogative executive powers
Prerogative powers that are used by Ministers as agents of the Crown include:.
- The making and ratification of treaties (subject to the provisions of Constitutional Reform and Governance Act 2010);
- The conduct of diplomacy, and the appointment of ambassadors and High Commissioners.
- The declaration of war;
- The use of the armed forces in support of the police;
- The appointment and removal of Ministers by the Prime Minister;
- The granting of peerages, and honours;
- The granting of pardons and the Attorney-General’s power to stop prosecutions.
Those powers may be exercised without the prior assent of Parliament but Ministers may be accountable to parliament for their application.