Luis Buñuel

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Luis Buñuel (1900-1983) was a Spanish-born filmmaker whose works have been renowned for their surrealism, and their criticisms of bourgeois society and religion, specifically the Catholic Church. He made his first film, Un chien andalou, in 1920 with friend and surrealist painter Salvador Dalí and has created such films as The Golden Age (L'Âge d'or, 1930), Viridiana (1961), The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) and That Obscure Object of Desire (1977). He was a devoted communist and atheist, at one point was quoted as having said, "Thank God, I'm atheist!" He lived and worked in France, the United States, Mexico and Spain throughout his life.