Liverpool Football Club
Liverpool Football Club is an football club based in Liverpool which competes in the English FA Premier League. In terms of trophies won, Liverpool is the most successful club in English football. They have won the European Cup six times to 2019. The team plays in an all-red kit and is often nicknamed simply "The Reds", though other, rarer, nicknames exist such as "Super Reds".
Liverpool was founded after Everton, which was then based at Anfield Stadium, was split by a faction fight at board level over the proposed purchase of the freehold at Anfield. One faction, retaining the club's name and players, quit Anfield and moved across Stanley Park to establish a new home at Goodison Park. The other faction, which owned Anfield, decided to establish a new club there and this was called Liverpool FC. The new club joined the Lancashire League prior to the 1892–93 season and was elected to the Football League in 1893. Liverpool began in the Second Division and was promoted to the First Division the following season.
Liverpool are still based at Anfield which has a capacity in 2019 of 54,074 (all seated). The crest of the club has the Liver Bird, the symbol of the city of Liverpool, beneath the words You'll Never Walk Alone, the Rodgers and Hammerstein song which was adopted as the club's anthem in the 1960s.
Among Liverpool's successes are six European Cup titles, the most by any British team, and 18 English championship titles, second only to Manchester United. They have also won eight league cups. Their latest major trophy was the European Cup in 2019.
Liverpool dominated English football for long periods during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, largely through the work of successive outstanding team managers Bill Shankly, Bob Paisley, Joe Fagan and Kenny Dalglish, who returned to the helm 20 years after resigning, which incidentally was the last time they won the League. In the 21st century, Liverpool's managers have included Gerard Houllier, Rafael Benítez and Jürgen Klopp, who all won European titles.
Among the club's greatest players have been Billy Liddell, Ian St John, Tommy Smith, Ray Clemence, Phil Neal, Kevin Keegan, Dalglish, Graeme Souness, Alan Hansen, Ian Rush, Steven Gerrard, Mo Salah and Virgil van Dijk. Van Dijk is (September 2019) the club's record transfer signing after they paid a reported £80 million for him to Southampton in 2018. The highest fee that Liverpool have received for a player is the reported £105 million from Barcelona for Philippe Coutinho, also in 2018.