Literature/Catalogs

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An informational catalog, or several catalogs, about Literature.

List of literatures

One scholar[1] says there are 106 languages with significant literatures: 78 living and 28 dead. Others might disagree with some details.

Living

This means that significant literature continues to be written. Arranged by number of native speakers.

  • Chinese
  • English
  • Spanish
  • Russian
  • Hindi
  • Malay
  • Japanese
  • Bengali
  • German
  • Arabic
  • Portuguese [1]
  • French
  • Italian
  • Urdu
  • Ukrainian
  • Tamil
  • Korean
  • Telugu
  • Marathi
  • Polish
  • Turkish
  • Vietnamese
  • Punjabi
  • Gujarati
  • Thai
  • Persian
  • Kannada
  • Dutch
  • Roumanian
  • Rajastani
  • Malayalam
  • Serbo-Croat
  • Oriya
  • Burmese
  • Hungarian
  • Tagalog
  • Pushtu
  • Swahili
  • Belarussian
  • Czech
  • Nepali
  • Swedish
  • Greek
  • Ethiopian
  • Sinhalese
  • Bulgarian
  • Provençal
  • Tibetan
  • Assamese
  • Catalan
  • Sindhi
  • Malagasy
  • Danish
  • Afrikaans
  • Slovak
  • Armenian
  • Norwegian
  • Finnish
  • Cambodian
  • Kashmiri
  • Georgian
  • Lithuanian
  • Latvian
  • Galician
  • Hebrew
  • Albanian
  • Mongolian
  • Estonian
  • Yiddish
  • Basque
  • Frisian
  • Icelandic
  • Irish
  • Maltese
  • Romansh
  • Slovenian
  • Sorbian
  • Khasi

Dead

This means no significant literature is being produced nowadays, though some of these languages are still spoken.

  • Babylonian
  • Breton
  • Cakchiquel
  • Cherokee
  • Chontal
  • Cornish
  • Egyptian
  • Etruscan
  • Gothic
  • Hittite
  • Ilocano
  • Javanese
  • Ladino
  • Latin
  • Madurese
  • Manchu
  • Manx
  • Nahuatl
  • Prakrit (including Pali)
  • Quechua
  • Quiché
  • Sanskrit
  • Saxon
  • Scottish
  • Sumerian
  • Syriac
  • Welsh
  • Yucatec

Reference

  1. Munro S. Edmonson, Lore: an Introduction to the Science of Folklore and Literature, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971, pages 322f, 330f