Leipzig is a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. With a population of 507,360 it is the second largest city in the eastern part of Germany and the largest city of Saxony. It has an area of 297.6 km².
The mayor of Leipzig is Burkhard Jung (SPD). He was elected in 2006. His predecessor Wolfgang Tiefensee left Leipzig in 2005 and became Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs of Germany.
Leipzig is famous for its large Gründerzeit style housing areas.
Some of the historically and architecturally important buildings are listed in the following:
- Thomaskirche (St Thomas' Church)
- Johann Sebastian Bach was cantor here.
- Nikolaikirche (St Nicholas' Church)
- Völkerschlachtdenkmal ("Monument of the Battle of the Nations")
- Home of the famous Gewandhaus Orchestra. The current Gewandhaus ist the third building with this name.
- Home of the Federal Administrative Court of Germany.
- Neues Rathaus (new city hall)
- Though built in the beginning of the 20th century, its style resembles a castle.
- Altes Rathaus (old city hall)
- Main Station
- Largest terminus station in Germany. Taking only the area into account it is the largest terminus station in Europe.
- Formerly known as Uni Riese (University Giant) it belonged to the university's city campus when it was built.
The Bundesverwaltungsgericht (Federal Administrative Court of Germany) and a part of the Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Court of Justice of Germany) are located in Leipzig. Leipzig is also one of the sites of the German National Library. The Deutsche Bücherei which is located in Leipzig was combined with the Deutsche Bibliothek which is located in Frankfurt am Main to form the German National Library after the reunification of Germany.
The university of Leipzig is the second eldest university in modern Germany. In addition to the university there exist a couple of universities of applied sciences ("Fachhochschule"), music schools and art schools. Research is conducted at the university, three Max Planck institutes and several smaller institutes.