Latitude

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

Latitude, on Earth or another planetary body, is the angular distance north and south of the equator, measured in degrees. The small circle (geometry) formed by the collection of points with the same latitude is often called a parallel. The latitude of the equator is 0 degrees, while north and south poles are 90 degrees north latitude and 90 degrees south latitude, respectively.[1]

As all meridians are halves of great circles, on Earth, a degree of latitude is equal to about 111 kilometers (69 miles), just as a degree of longitude along the equator is. However, Earth is not a perfect sphere but is slightly flattened at the poles and bulges slightly at the equator.[1] Because of this, there are small differences in the length of a degree latitude.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Latitude and Longitude From a NASA website page