NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Laigin

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

The Laigin were a population group of early Ireland who gave their name to the province of Leinster (Irish language Cúige Laighean, "province of the Laigin"; the English word "Leinster" is derived from Irish Laigin plus Old Norse staðr, "place, territory"). According to legend they were descended from the Gaulish warriors who came to Ireland with the returning exile Labraid Loingsech, and are named after the spears (láigne) they carried. Two other population groups, the Gáileóin and the Domnainn, are normally considered as part of the Laigin confederation.

Laigin is a plural noun, indicating an ethnonym rather than a geographic term. The use of the word cuige, earlier cóiced, literally "fifth", to mean "province", implies the existence at some point in prehistory of a pentarchy, whose five members were the Laigin (Leinster), the Ulaid (Ulster), the Connachta (Connacht), Mumu (Munster), and probably Mide (Meath), a central province whose name survives in Counties Meath and Westmeath, although the original Mide was more extensive than those counties.