Khaled el-Masri is a naturalized German citizen born in Kuwait, captured in Macedonia by personnel of the Central Intelligence Agency, held in extrajudicial detention by the United States in Afghanistan, and then released, in Albania,when it was determined he had been confused with another person. He sued the United States for damages, but, in El-Masri v. Tenet, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit rejected his suit based on the legal doctrine of the state secrets privilege. On March 9, 2009, the Supreme Court of the United States declined a writ of certiorari petitioning that it review the case.
- Rebecca Leung (March 6, 2005), "CIA Flying Suspects To Torture? Scott Pelley Reports On The CIA'S Rendition Program", CBS News
- Dick Marty (rapporteur, Switzerland), ed., Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states: Second report, Provisional version