John Edmund Gardner (November 20, 1926 — August 3, 2007) was a prolific British writer of thrillers. In the course of his career he wrote about series characters as diverse as Professor Moriarty and various police officers. He was, however, best known for continuing the James Bond series originally created by Ian Fleming. Between 1981 and 1996, Gardner wrote 16 novels about Bond, compared to 12 by Fleming. Before Bond, Gardner first became known for his creation of Boysie Oakes, a cowardly and richly comic British secret agent who starred in eight novels between 1964 and 1976.