Ingmar Bergman

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Ingmar Bergman (IPA: /ˈɪŋmar ˈbærjman/) (July 14, 1918 – July 30, 2007) was a Swedish film and theatre director, often called one of the greatest film-makers ever. In the British magazine Sight and Sound poll of 2002, 108 film directors from around the world voted Bergman eighth in “The Top Ten Directors [of all time] List”.[1]

His films (e.g. The Seventh Seal (Det sjunde inseglet, 1957), Wild Strawberries (Smultronstället, 1957), Autumn Sonata (Höstsonaten, 1978) et al.) cover moral, philosophical or religious questions. The world of Bergman's films is often that of despair, anguish and personal conflicts.

Bergman's autobiographic book The Magic Lantern (Laterna Magica, 1987) is a candid account of his childhood and later development.

Bergman was married 5 times: with Else Fisher, Ellen Lundström, Gun Grut, Käbi Laretei and Ingrid von Rosen.

Filmography

  • Hets, 1944 (Frenzy) - screenplay, dir. by Alf Sjöberg
  • Kris, 1946 (Crisis)
  • Det regnar på vår kärlek, 1946 (It Rains on Our Love)
  • Skepp till Indialand, 1947 (Ship to India)
  • Kvinna utan ansikte, 1947 (Woman Without a Face)
  • Eva, 1948 - co-sc.
  • Musik in mörker, 1948 (Music in Darkness/Night is My Future)
  • Hamnstad, 1948 (Port of Call)
  • Fängelse, 1949 (The Devil's Wanton)
  • Till glädje, 1949 (To Joy)
  • Sånt händer inte här, 1950 (This Can't Happen Here)
  • Medan staden sover, 1950 (While the City Sleeps) - synopsis
  • Frånskild, 1951 (Divorced) - story, co.sc.
  • Sommarlek, 1951 (Summer Interlude)
  • Kvinnors väntan, 1952 (Waiting Women)
  • Sommaren med Monika, 1953 (Summer with Monika)
  • Gycklarnas afton, 1953 (Sawdust and Tinsel / The Naked Night)
  • En lektion i kärlek, 1954 (A Lesson in Love)
  • Sommarnattens leende, 1955 (Smiles of a Summer Night)
  • Kvinnodröm, 1955 (Journey into Autumn)
  • Sista paret ut, 1956 (The Last Couple Out) - story, co-sc.
  • Det sjunde inseglet, 1957 (The Seventh Seal)
  • Smultronstället, 1957 (Wild Strawberries)
  • Nära livet, 1958 (So Close to Life, based on a novel by Ulla Isaksson)
  • Ansiktet, 1958 (The Face)
  • Jungfrukällan, 1960 (The Virgin Spring)
  • Djävulens öga, 1960 (The Devils Eye)
  • Lustgarden, 1961 (Pleasure Garden) - co-sc.
  • Såsom i en spegel, 1961 (Through a Glass Darkly)
  • Nattvardsgästerna, 1962 (Winter Light)
  • Tystnaden, 1963 (The Silence)
  • För att inte tala om alla dessa kvinnor, 1964 (Now About These Women)
  • Persona, 1966
  • Stimulantia, 1967
  • Vargstimmen, 1968 (Hour of the Wolf)
  • Skammen, 1968 (Shame)
  • Riten, 1969 (The Rite)
  • Fårödokument 1969, 1970 (The Fårö Documentary)
  • Beröringen, 1971 (The Touch)
  • Viskningar och rop, 1972 (Cries and Whispers)
  • Scener ur ett äktenskapp, 1973 (Scenes from a Marriage)
  • Trollflöjten, 1974 (The Magic Flute)
  • Ansikte mot ansikte, 1975 (Facee to Face)
  • Ormens ägg/Das Schlangenei/The Serpent's Egg, 1977
  • Höstsonaten, 1978 (Autumn Sonata)
  • Aus dem Leben der Marionetten, 1980 (From the Life of the Marionettes)
  • Fanny och Alexander, (1983) - Academy award for the best foreign film
  • Efter en repetitionen, 1983 (After the Rehearsal)
  • De två saliga, 1986
  • Dokument Fanny och Alexander, 1986 (Document Fanny and Alexander)
  • Karins ansikte, 1985 (Karin's Face)
  • The Best Intentions, 1992 - screenplay
  • Larmar och gör sig till, 1997 (television film)
  • screenplay: Trolösan, 2000 (dir. by Liv Ullman, starring Erland Josephson, Lena Endre)

Bildmakarna, 2000 (television film, based on Per Olov Enquist's play) Saraband, 2003 (television film starring Liv Ullmann and Erland Josephson)



  1. http://www.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/topten/poll/directors-directors.html


Sources