Harvard University

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.
Statue of John Harvard at Harvard University

Harvard University is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is the oldest and perhaps most prestigious institution of higher education in the United States and is widely considered to be one of the finest in the world. Harvard College, which is the undergraduate branch of the University, was founded in 1636 and, two years later, was named after John Harvard, a nearby cleric who, in his will, left the institution his library and some money. Like most other early American universities or colleges, Harvard's original agenda was religious. According to a 1643 pamphlet, its mission was "To advance Learning and perpetuate it to Prosterity; dreading to leave an illiterate Ministery [sic] to the Churches." In the centuries that followed, however, secularism gradually displaced religion.[1] Today the College is frequently confused with the larger University, which has, among other branches, a famous law school and equally well-known medical school. The current president of Harvard University is Drew Gilpin Faust, a historian.

In 2006 The New York Times wrote that, "The most prestigious college in the world, of course, is Harvard, and the gap between it and every other university is often underestimated. Colleges that emphasize teaching may well offer a better education than Harvard. But it still exerts a pull on teenagers that is unmatched." [2] According to the most recent college ranking by U.S. News & World Report, however, Harvard is rated second, after Princeton University.[3]

Harvard has educated eight presidents of the United States. They are John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, the current president, who graduated from Harvard Law School.

References

  1. Harvard Magazine, "Not So Secular, Faculty Faith," by Katharine Dunn, July-August 2007, pages 15-16
  2. The New York Times, The Week in Review: Harvard Ends Early Admissions and Guess Who Wins, September 27, 2006
  3. US News ranking