Gordon Brown/Addendum

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This addendum is a continuation of the article Gordon Brown.

Fiscal change 1997-2010

Public expenditure growth rates

Average annual real growth rates[1] (percent)

      1979-97             1997-2008             2008-11      
Social security 3.8 1.4 5.3
National Health Service 3.2 6.3 3.7
Education 1.5 4.3 2.4
Defence -0.5 1.4 3.0
Public order and safety 4.0 3.8 4.5

Social change 1997-2009

(Selected from Social Indicators, Research Paper 09/76, House of Commons Library, 15 October 2009 [3])

Crime prevention

      1997             2009      
Total police officer strength, England & Wales[2] (thousands) 126 142
Total crime (millions)[3] 16.7 10.7


Defence

UK regular armed forces strength at 1 April (thousands)[4]

      1980             2009      
Navy 72 38
Army 159 107
Air Force 90 44

Education

      1997             2009      
Percentage of primary school pupils in large classes (>30), [5] 34 13
GCSE and equivalent exams, percentage achieving 5 or more grades A* to C[6] 46 65

Health

      1998             2008      
Number of doctors in the National Health Service[7] (thousands} 87 125
Number of nurses in the National Health Service[7] (thousands} 258 330
      1997             2009      
numbers waiting for inpatient admission in England[8] (millions) 1.16 0.59

The Euro: the five tests

1. Whether there can be sustainable convergence between Britain and the economies of a single currency.
2. Whether there is sufficient flexibility to cope with economic change.
3. The effect on investment.
4. The impact on our financial services industry.
5. Whether it is good for employment.

Sources

  1. Robert Chote, Rowena Crawford, Carl Emmerson and Gemma Tetlow: Public Spending Under Labour, Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2010
  2. Home Office Statistical Bulletin, Police Service,[1]
  3. British Crime Survey estimates [2]
  4. UK Armed Forces - Quarterly Manpower Statistics
  5. EnglandEducation departments' reports of school/pupil censuses
  6. GCSE and Equivalent Results in England, 2007/08 (revised), GCSE and equivalent results in England 2005/06 (revised) and earlier
  7. 7.0 7.1 NHS Information Centre, NHS Staff 1998-2008
  8. Hospital Waiting Lists in England, Green Book