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A list of key readings about Germany.
Please sort and annotate in a user-friendly manner. For formatting, consider using automated reference wikification.



Economics and society

  • Siebert, Horst. The German Economy: Beyond the Social Market (2005) excerpt and text search
  • Zimmermann, Klaus F. et al. Immigration Policy and the Labor Market: The German Experience and Lessons for Europe (2007) excerpt and text search


  • Green, Simon, and William E. Paterson. Governance in Contemporary Germany: The Semisovereign State Revisited (2005) excerpt and text search
  • Hancock, M. Donald, Politics in Europe: An Introduction to the Politics of the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden (2006) excerpt and text search
  • Schmidt, Manfred G. Political Institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany (2003) ISBN 0198782594


Surveys and historiography

  • Bithell, Jethro, ed. Germany: A Companion to German Studies (5th ed. 1955), 578pp; essays on German literature, music, philosophy, art and, especially, history. online edition
  • Buse, Dieter K. ed. Modern Germany: An Encyclopedia of History, People, and Culture 1871-1990 (2 vol 1998)
  • Detwiler, Donald S. Germany: A Short History (3rd ed. 1999) 341pp; online edition
  • Evans, Richard J. Rereading German History: From Unification to Reunification, 1800-1996 (1997) online edition
  • Holborn, Hajo. A History of Modern Germany (3 vol 1959-64); col 1: The Reformation; vol 2: 1648-1840 online and text search; vol 3. 1840-1945
  • Maehl, William Harvey. Germany in Western Civilization (1979), 833pp
  • Reinhardt, Kurt F. Germany: 2000 Years (2 vols., 1961), stress on cultural topics
  • Taylor, A. J. P. The Course of German History: A Survey of the Development of German History since 1815. (2001). 280pp; online edition
  • Watson P. (2010) The German Genius: Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century. HarperCollins. Harper Perennial. ISBN 9780060760236. | Google Books preview. | A cultural and intellectual history.

Pre 1870


  • Arnold, Benjamin. Medieval Germany, 500-1300: A Political Interpretation (1998)
  • Barraclough, Geoffrey. The Origins of Modern Germany (2d ed., 1947)
  • Fuhrmann, Horst, and Timothy Reuter. Germany in the High Middle Ages: c.1050-1200 (1986) excerpt and text search
  • Haverkamp, Alfred, Helga Braun, and Richard Mortimer. Medieval Germany 1056-1273 (1992)
  • Jeep, John M. Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia (2001), 928pp, 650 articles by 200 scholars cover A.D. 500 to 1500excerpt and text search
  • Reuter, Timothy. Germany in the Early Middle Ages, C. 800-1056 (1991)


see also Martin Luther

  • Bainton, Roland H. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (1978; reprinted 1995) excerpt and text search
  • Dickens, A. G. Martin Luther and the Reformation (1969), basic introduction
  • Junghans, Helmar. Martin Luther: Exploring His Life and Times, 1483–1546. (book plus CD ROM) (1998)
  • Ranke, Leopold von. History of the Reformation in Germany (1905) 792 pp; by Germany's foremost scholar complete text online free
  • Smith, Preserved. The Life and Letters of Martin Luther. (1911) complete edition online free

Early Modern to 1815


see also Bismark

  • Berghahn, Volker Rolf. Modern Germany: society, economy, and politics in the twentieth century (1987) ACLS E-book
  • Blackbourn, David, and Geoff Eley. The Peculiarities of German History: Bourgeois Society and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Germany (1984) online edition
  • Brose, Eric Dorn. German History, 1789-1871: From the Holy Roman Empire to the Bismarckian Reich. (1997) online edition
  • Craig, Gordon A. Germany, 1866-1945 (1978) online edition
  • Mann, Golo. History of Germany since 1789 (1968), very well written
  • Mommsen, Wolfgang J. Imperial Germany 1867-1918: Politics, Culture and Society in an Authoritarian State (1995)
  • Retallack, James. Germany in the Age of Kaiser Wilhelm II (1996) excerpt and text search
  • Sheehan, James J. German History, 1770-1866 (1993), the major survey in English except and text search
  • Sheehan, James J. German Liberalism in the Nineteenth Century (1978, 1995) excerpt and text search
  • Wehler, Hans-Ulrich. The German Empire 1871-1918 (1984)

Nazi era

see also National Socialism for more books

  • Bracher, Karl D. The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure and Consequences of National Socialism (1973). Influential analysis by political scientist
  • Burleigh, Michael. The Third Reich: A New History. (2000). 864 pp. Stress on antisemitism; excerpt and text search
  • Evans, Richard J. The Coming of the Third Reich: A History. 2004. 622 pp., a major scholarly survey excerpt and text search
  • Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich in Power: 1933-1939. (2005). 800 pp. The major scholarly study excerpt and text search
  • Mommsen, Hans. The Third Reich between Vision and Reality: New Perspectives on German History, 1918-1945 (2001) online edition
  • Overy, Richard. The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia (2004) excerpt and text search
  • Roderick, Stacke. Hitler's Germany: Origins, Interpretations, Legacies (1999) excerpt and text search
  • Zentner, Christian and Bedürftig, Friedemann, eds. The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. 2 vol. Macmillan, 1991. 1120 pp.

Nazi Leaders

see Adolf Hitler for more books


  • Dawidowicz, Lucy. The War against the Jews, 1933-45, (1977).
  • Friedlander, Saul. Nazi Germany and the Jews: Volume 1: The Years of Persecution 1933-1939 (1998)
  • Friedlander, Saul. The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945 (2007), the standard history excerpt and text search
  • Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1987) excerpt and text search
  • Gilbert, Martin. The Routledge Atlas of the Holocaust (2002)excerpt and text search
  • Landau, Ronnie. The Nazi Holocaust (2002)
  • Niewyk, Donald, and Francis Nicosia. The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. (2000) online edition
  • Wistrich, Robert S. Hitler and the Holocaust. 2001. 295 pp.

Economics and Labor

  • Baranowsky, Shelley. Strength Through Joy: Consumerism and Mass Tourism in the Third Reich (2004)
  • Overy, R. J. The Nazi Economic Recovery 1932-1938 (1996) excerpt and text search
  • Tooze, Adam. The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy (2007), highly influential new study


  • Benz, Wolfgang, and Walter H. Pehle, eds. Encyclopedia of German Resistance to the Nazi Movement. (1997). 354 pages
  • Hamerow, Theodore S. On the Road to the Wolf's Lair: German Resistance to Hitler (1997) 454 pages
  • R. P. Heller. The Flame of Freedom: The German Struggle against Hitler. (1994) focus on Army online edition
  • Thomsett, Michael C. The German Opposition to Hitler: The Resistance, the Underground, and Assassination Plots, 1938-1945 (2nd ed 2007) 278 pages

Women, children, youth

  • Bridenthal, Renate, Atina Grossmann, and Marion Kaplan. When Biology Became Destiny: Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany (1984).
  • Cosner, Shaaron and Cosner, Victoria. Women under the Third Reich: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood, 1998. 203 pp.
  • Koonz, Claudia. Mothers in the Fatherland: Women, Family Life, and Nazi Ideology, 1919-1945. (1986). 640 pp. The major study
  • Rempel, Gerhard. Hitler's Children: The Hitler Youth and the SS, (1989) online edition
  • Stephenson, Jill. The Nazi Organisation of Women. (1981). 246 pp.
  • Stibbe, Matthew. Women in the Third Reich, 2003, 208 pp.


  • Berghahn, Volker Rolf. Modern Germany: society, economy, and politics in the twentieth century (1987) ACLS E-book
  • Fulbrook, Mary. Anatomy of a Dictatorship: Inside the GDR, 1949-1989 (1998) excerpt and text search
  • Klessmann, Christoph. The Divided Past: Rewriting Post-War German History (2001) online edition
  • Pritchard, Gareth. The Making of the GDR, 1945-53 (2004)
  • Ross, Corey. The East German Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives in the Interpretation of the GDR (2002)

Since 1990

  • Alba, Richard. Peter Schmidt, and Martina Wasmer. Germans or Foreigners?: Attitudes Toward Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany (2004) excerpt and text search
  • Kahn, Charlotte. Ten Years of German Unification: One State, Two Peoples (2000) online edition
  • Larres, Klaus. Germany Since Unification: The Development of the Berlin Republic (2nd ed. 2001) excerpt and text search