Edinburgh University/Related Articles
- See also changes related to Edinburgh University, or pages that link to Edinburgh University or to this page or whose text .
Heads of state and Heads of government
- Gordon Brown : Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from June 2007 to May 2010; previously Chancellor of the Exchequer from May 1997.
- John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- Charles Tupper, Prime Minister of Canada
- Julius Nyerere, first President of Tanzania
- Yun Po Sun, President of South Korea
- Hastings Banda, President of Malawi
- William Walker, President of Nicaragua
- Arthur St. Clair, President of the Continental Congress
- Sir Michael Atiyah, mathematician, winner of Abel Prize, (Maths' equivalent of the Nobel Prize)
- Colin MacLaurin : (1698–1746) Scottish mathematician who published the first systematic exposition of Newton's calculus.
- John Playfair : (1748-1819) Scottish mathematician, best known for his explanation and promotion of the work of James Hutton
- Charles Darwin : (1809 – 1882) English natural scientist, most famous for proposing the theory of natural selection.
- Richard Owen : (1804–1892) English comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, best remembered for coining the word Dinosauria and for his opposition to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection.
- : (1850 – 1935) Physiologist who coined the words "insulin" and "endocrine" and who demonstrated the existence of adrenaline.
- : (1833 – 1885) Professor of Engineering at the University of Edinburgh, known as the inventor of telpherage.
- : (1872 - 1967) Physiologist who first described Herring bodies in the posterior pituitary gland.
- Alexander Monro primus : (1697 – 1767) Anatomist; the founder of Edinburgh Medical School.
- Alexander Monro secundus : (1733 - 1817) Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, known as the discoverer of the lymphatic system.
- : (1773 - 1859) Followed his father and grandfather in becoming professor of anatomy at Edinburgh University.
- William Cullen : (1710-1790) The leading British physician of the 18th century.
- Joseph Lister : (1827 – 1912) Surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery.
- : (1811 – 1870) Scottish doctor who discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and introduced it for general medical use.
- John Forbes : (1787-1861), physician and medical journalist
- Andrew Duncan : (1744- 1877) Scottish medical reformer, best known for his humane treatment of the mentally ill.
- : (1940 - ), winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for his
research on immunology.
- Mary Pickford : (1902-2002)Pioneer in endocrinology, and the first woman to hold a medical chair at Edinburgh University.
- Joseph Black : (1728 – 1799) Scottish physicist and chemist, known for his discoveries of latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide
- : (1790 – 1868) British chemist most noted for his discovery of phosgene.
- : (1749 - 1815) Scottish chemist, best known for the discovery of nitrogen.
- : (1819 – 1874) Scottish chemist remembered for discovering pyridine.
- : (1920 – 1992), awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis.
- : (1936 - ) Scottish economist, winner of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information.
- Adam Smith : Scottish moral philosopher and political economist (1723-1790), a major contributor to the modern perception of free market economics; author of Wealth of Nations (1776).
- : (1819 – 1874) Scottish chemist remembered for discovering pyridine.
- Peter Higgs : (1929 - ) Particle-physics theorist whose work predicts the existence of the 'Higgs boson.'
- James Clerk Maxwell : (1831 – 1879) Scottish physicist best known for his formulation of electromagnetic theory and the statistical theory of gases.
- : (1773-1829) English scientist who showed how the eye's lens focus light, proposed the three-color explanation of color vision, established the wave nature of light, defined energy in the modern sense, improved on Hooke's law, and helped decipher the Rosetta Stone. Young entered the University of Edinburgh in 1794 (as a Quaker he could not study at Oxford or Cambridge). After a year of study he went to the University of Göttingen.
- : (1892 – 1965) English physicist who received the 1947 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to the knowledge of the ionosphere, which led to the development of radar.
- : (1877 – 1944) English physicist who was awarded the 1917 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the characteristic X-rays of elements.
- Max Born : (1882 – 1970) German-born British physicist and mathematician instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics, who won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics.
- Igor Tamm : Add brief definition or description
- James Hutton : (1726–1797) Scottish farmer and naturalist, who is known as the founder of modern geology.
- Erasmus Darwin : (1731-1802) Physician, poet, philosopher, botanist, and naturalist; grandfather of Charles Darwin.
- David Hume : (1711—1776) Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian.
- Dugald Stewart : (1753 - 1828) Scottish philosopher of the "common-sense" school who played a major role in making the "Scottish philosophy" predominant in 19th century Europe; known for his theory of taste.
- Adam Ferguson : (1723-1816) philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment, sometimes called the "father of sociology."
- Thomas Carlyle : (1795 – 1881) Scottish essayist, satirist, and historian; known for his belief in "great men" as agents for remedying the human condition and for his idiosyncratic prose style.
- John Witherspoon : (1723 – 1794) A signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence and president of the College of New Jersey (1768-94; now Princeton University).
- Alexander Graham Bell : (1847 – 1922) Scottish born scientist credited with inventing the first practical telephone.
- James Dewar : (1842 – 1923) Scottish chemist and physicist best-known for his invention of the Dewar flask.
- : (1840 – 1921) Scottish inventor, founder of the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company.
- : (1925 – 2010) Indian-born inventor who developed the Automated Teller Machine (ATM).
- Thomas Aikenhead : The last person to be executed for blasphemy in the UK.
- : (1840 – 1921) Inventor of the first practical inflatable tyre and founder of the rubber company that bore his name. He studied to be a veterinary surgeon at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh, and pursued this profession for nearly ten years.
- : (1779 – 12 September 1869) Published the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Roget's Thesaurus).
- : (born 1931) Scottish painter and printmaker; the first woman to be elected to both the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Academy.
- A.S. Neill : Add brief definition or description
- Michael Swann : Add brief definition or description
The University is associated with nine Nobel Prize winners (Source: http://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/postgraduate/edinburgh/alumni.html)
- : (1860 – 1937) Scottish novelist and dramatist, best known as the creator of "Peter Pan"
- : (1740 - 1795) Scottish author, best known as Samuel Johnson’s biographer, and for the detailed and frank diaries that he kept for much of his life.
- Henry Mackenzie : (1745 - 1831), Scottish writer, nicknamed 'The Man of Feeling' after the title of his best known novel.
- : (1960 - ) Crime writer, creator of Inspector Rebus
- : (1771 – 1832) Scottish historical novelist popular throughout Europe in his lifetime; his novels include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, 'and The Heart of Midlothian.
- Alexander McCall Smith : Add brief definition or description
- Robert Louis Stevenson : British 19th-century writer whose works included Kidnapped, Treasure Island and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle : (1859 – 1930) Scottish author best known as the creator of the detective "Sherlock Holmes".
- John Home : (1722–1808) Scottish poet and dramatist.
- Chris Hoy, track cyclist
- Andy Irvine (rugby player), rugby player and president of the Scottish Rugby Union
- Eric Liddell, athlete men's 400 metres gold medallist
- Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, The Chancellor of the University (1953-present)
- Sir Alexander Fleming, Former Rector of the University (1951-1953)
- The Rt Hon Sir Winston Churchill, Former Rector of the University (1929-1932)
- The Rt Hon David Lloyd George, Former Rector of the University (1920-1923)
- Sir David Steel (Lord Steel of Aikwood), Rector of the University (1982-1985)