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Edinburgh University/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Edinburgh University.
See also changes related to Edinburgh University, or pages that link to Edinburgh University or to this page or whose text contains "Edinburgh University".

Heads of state and Heads of government



  • Sir Michael Atiyah, mathematician, winner of Abel Prize, (Maths' equivalent of the Nobel Prize)
  • Colin MacLaurin [r]: (1698–1746) Scottish mathematician who published the first systematic exposition of Newton's calculus. [e]
  • John Playfair [r]: (1748-1819) Scottish mathematician, best known for his explanation and promotion of the work of James Hutton [e]


  • Charles Darwin [r]: (1809 – 1882) English natural scientist, most famous for proposing the theory of natural selection. [e]
  • Richard Owen [r]: (1804–1892) English comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, best remembered for coining the word Dinosauria and for his opposition to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. [e]
  • Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer [r]: (1850 – 1935) Physiologist who coined the words "insulin" and "endocrine" and who demonstrated the existence of adrenaline. [e]
  • Fleeming Jenkin [r]: (1833 – 1885) Professor of Engineering at the University of Edinburgh, known as the inventor of telpherage. [e]
  • Percy Theodore Herring [r]: (1872 - 1967) Physiologist who first described Herring bodies in the posterior pituitary gland. [e]


  • Alexander Monro primus [r]: (1697 – 1767) Anatomist; the founder of Edinburgh Medical School. [e]
  • Alexander Monro secundus [r]: (1733 - 1817) Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, known as the discoverer of the lymphatic system. [e]
  • Alexander Monro tertius [r]: (1773 - 1859) Followed his father and grandfather in becoming professor of anatomy at Edinburgh University. [e]
  • William Cullen [r]: (1710-1790) The leading British physician of the 18th century. [e]
  • Joseph Lister [r]: (1827 – 1912) Surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery. [e]
  • James Young Simpson [r]: (1811 – 1870) Scottish doctor who discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and introduced it for general medical use. [e]
  • John Forbes [r]: (1787-1861), physician and medical journalist [e]
  • Andrew Duncan [r]: (1744- 1877) Scottish medical reformer, best known for his humane treatment of the mentally ill. [e]
  • Peter Doherty [r]: (1940 - ), winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for his

research on immunology. [e]

  • Mary Pickford [r]: (1902-2002)Pioneer in endocrinology, and the first woman to hold a medical chair at Edinburgh University. [e]


  • Joseph Black [r]: (1728 – 1799) Scottish physicist and chemist, known for his discoveries of latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide [e]
  • John Davy [r]: (1790 – 1868) British chemist most noted for his discovery of phosgene. [e]
  • Daniel Rutherford [r]: (1749 - 1815) Scottish chemist, best known for the discovery of nitrogen. [e]
  • Thomas Anderson [r]: (1819 – 1874) Scottish chemist remembered for discovering pyridine. [e]
  • Peter D. Mitchell [r]: (1920 – 1992), awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis. [e]


  • James Mirrlees [r]: (1936 - ) Scottish economist, winner of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information. [e]
  • Adam Smith [r]: Scottish moral philosopher and political economist (1723-1790), a major contributor to the modern perception of free market economics; author of Wealth of Nations (1776). [e]


  • Thomas Anderson [r]: (1819 – 1874) Scottish chemist remembered for discovering pyridine. [e]
  • Peter Higgs [r]: (1929 - ) Particle-physics theorist whose work predicts the existence of the 'Higgs boson.' [e]
  • James Clerk Maxwell [r]: (1831 – 1879) Scottish physicist best known for his formulation of electromagnetic theory and the statistical theory of gases. [e]
  • Thomas Young [r]: (1773-1829) English scientist who showed how the eye's lens focus light, proposed the three-color explanation of color vision, established the wave nature of light, defined energy in the modern sense, improved on Hooke's law, and helped decipher the Rosetta Stone. [e] Young entered the University of Edinburgh in 1794 (as a Quaker he could not study at Oxford or Cambridge). After a year of study he went to the University of Göttingen.
  • Edward Victor Appleton [r]: (1892 – 1965) English physicist who received the 1947 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to the knowledge of the ionosphere, which led to the development of radar. [e]
  • Charles Glover Barkla [r]: (1877 – 1944) English physicist who was awarded the 1917 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the characteristic X-rays of elements. [e]
  • Max Born [r]: (1882 – 1970) German-born British physicist and mathematician instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics, who won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics. [e]
  • Igor Tamm [r]: Add brief definition or description


  • James Hutton [r]: (1726–1797) Scottish farmer and naturalist, who is known as the founder of modern geology. [e]


  • Dugald Stewart [r]: (1753 - 1828) Scottish philosopher of the "common-sense" school who played a major role in making the "Scottish philosophy" predominant in 19th century Europe; known for his theory of taste. [e]
  • Adam Ferguson [r]: (1723-1816) philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment, sometimes called the "father of sociology." [e]


  • Thomas Carlyle [r]: (1795 – 1881) Scottish essayist, satirist, and historian; known for his belief in "great men" as agents for remedying the human condition and for his idiosyncratic prose style. [e]


  • John Witherspoon [r]: (1723 – 1794) A signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence and president of the College of New Jersey (1768-94; now Princeton University). [e]


  • Robert Adam [r]: (1728-1792) Neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. [e]


  • Alexander Graham Bell [r]: (1847 – 1922) Scottish born scientist credited with inventing the first practical telephone. [e]
  • James Dewar [r]: (1842 – 1923) Scottish chemist and physicist best-known for his invention of the Dewar flask. [e]
  • John Boyd Dunlop [r]: (1840 – 1921) Scottish inventor, founder of the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company. [e]
  • John Shepherd-Barron [r]: (1925 – 2010) Indian-born inventor who developed the Automated Teller Machine (ATM). [e]
  • John Dunlop [r]: (1840 – 1921) Inventor of the first practical inflatable tyre and founder of the rubber company that bore his name. He studied to be a veterinary surgeon at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh, and pursued this profession for nearly ten years. [e]
  • Peter Mark Roget [r]: (1779 – 12 September 1869) Published the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Roget's Thesaurus). [e]
  • Elizabeth Blackadder [r]: (born 1931) Scottish painter and printmaker; the first woman to be elected to both the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Academy. [e]

Nobel Laureates

The University is associated with nine Nobel Prize winners (Source:



University Officials