Diego Mazquiarán

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Diego Mazquiarán (born February 19, 1895 in Sestao, Vizcaya, Spain, died May 19, 1940 in Lima, Peru[1]), called Fortuna, was a Spanish matador.[2]

Career

Mazquiarán was made a full matador on September 17, 1916 by Rafael Gómez in Madrid.[3]

On January 22, 1928 a fighting bull escaped from its corral in Madrid. The bull roamed the city for three hours[4], injuring eleven and killing one. Mazquiarán and his wife encountered the bull on the Gran Via, which prompted Mazquiarán to send his wife back home to retrieve his sword while he used his overcoat as if it were a cape to pass the bull.[5] When his wife returned with his sword, Mazquiarán killed the bull with a single thrust. The crowd that gathered awarded Mazquiarán both of the bull's ears for his performance.[6] For his actions Mazquiarán was awarded the Cruz de Beneficencia.[7]

Mazquiarán was the first matador to fight in the newly constructed Madrid bullring when he killed the bull "Hortelano" on June 17, 1931.[8]

Mazquiarán's mental health deteriorated as he aged, and he died May 19, 1940 in a mental hospital in Lima, Peru.[9]

Critical Response

Ernest Hemingway said of Mazquiarán in Death in the Afternoon that he was "...a great killer...", but that he had no variety and knew "...only one way to work with a bull."[10]

Barnaby Conrad said of Mazquiarán that his volapiés[11][12] were among the best ever performed.

References

  1. Conrad, Barnaby (1961). Barnaby Conrad's Encyclopedia of Bullfighting. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. OCLC 33466783. , pp.144-145
  2. Conrad, p.98
  3. Conrad, p. 144
  4. Conrad, pp. 98-99
  5. Conrad, p.99
  6. One ear, both ears, or even both ears and tail are awarded by the crowd during a bullfight to matadors who give an outstanding performance.
  7. Conrad, pp. 98-99
  8. Conrad, p. 98
  9. Conrad, p. 145
  10. Hemingway, Ernest [First Copyrighted 1932] (2003). Death in the Afternoon, 1st Scribner trade pbk.. New York, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 9780684801452. OCLC 53453017. , pp.259-260
  11. Literally meaning "with flying feet", it is a kill in which the matador runs at the bull, instead of letting the bull charge him
  12. Conrad, pp.172-173