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Combined Chiefs of Staff

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In the Second World War, the Combined Chiefs of Staff were the unified planning function between the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff and their British counterpart, the Chiefs of Staff Committee. The members were coequals; neither the role of the President's Chief of Staff, William Leahy, nor Churchill's Secretary, Hastings Ismay, had the seniority of today's Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff or Chief of Defence Staff.

Role American British
Joint Fleet Admiral William Leahy General Hastings Ismay
Army General of the Army George C. Marshall Field Marshal Alan Brooke
Navy Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King Admiral of the Fleet Dudley Pound, followed by Andrew Cunningham
Air General of the Army Henry Arnold Marshal of the RAF Charles Portal

A secretariat, the Joint Staff Mission, was based in Washington, DC.