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Calchas [r]: A character from Greek who was the seer or prophet of Agamemnon during the Trojan War. He advised Agamemnon to kill his daughter Iphigeneia before setting sail for Troy in order to have favorable winds, a sacrifice demanded by the goddess Artemis. [e]

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Photo of a painting with women.
Greek mythology has numerous characters besides the seer Calchas, who caused Agamemnon to sacrifice his daughter Iphigeneia to satisfy a requirement of Artemis. Greek mythology is populated with gods and goddesses, humans, creatures, hybrids, mystical forces and such. These stories have been a vital part of Western civilization and have been source material for Renaissance painters such as Correggio. Pictured: Leda and the Swan.Painting circa 1532.