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Buddhist councils/Bibliography

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A list of key readings about Buddhist councils.
Please sort and annotate in a user-friendly manner. For formatting, consider using automated reference wikification.


  • Charles S. Prebish, "Councils, Buddhist", in Macmillan Encyclopedia of Buddhism, 2004 (Volume One), pages 187-9
  • ditto, "A review of scholarship on the Buddhist Councils", Journal of Asian Studies, 33, no. 2 (1974), 239-54
  • Charles Hallisey, "Councils", in Routledge Encyclopedia of Buddhism, 2007, pages 250-252
  • ditto, "Councils as ideas and events in the Theravāda", Buddhist Forum 2, pages 133-48
  • André Bareau, Les Premiers Conciles bouddhiques, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1955
  • Etienne Lamotte, Histoire du bouddhisme indien, 1958, English translation History of Indian Buddhism, Peeters Press, Louvain, 1988
  • chapter on councils in 2500 Years of Buddhism, ed P. V. Bapat: [1]
  • Amarnath Thakur, Buddha and Buddhist Synods in India and Abroad, Abhinav, Delhi, 1996
  • [Louis de la Vallée-Poussin] "Pro Minayeff. I: Les deux premiers conciles", Le Muséon, nouvelle série VI (1905), 215-312

First Council

  • Jean Przyluski, Le Concile de Rājagṛha, Geuthner, Paris, 1926

Second Council

  • M. Hofinger, Etude sur le concile de Vaiśāli, Louvain, 1946

Mahāsāṅghika Council and Third Council

  • Bhikkhu Sujato in Buddhist Studies Review, volume 25, number 2, pages 210-31
  • J. J. Nattier & C. S. Prebish, "Mahāsaṅghika origins", History of Religions, 16 (1976-7), 237-72

Fourth Council

See External links (tab at top of page).

Fifth Council

  • W. Bollée, "Some less well-known Burmese Pali texts", in Pratidanam (Kuiper Festschrift), Mouton, The Hague/Paris, 1968, pages 493-9
  • Maung Tsain, "Lokamarajin and the Fifth Great Council", Burma, 1 (4), 15-20
  • Erik Braun, The Birth of Insight: Meditation, Modern Buddhism, and the Burmese Monk Ledi Sayadaw, University of Chicago Press, 2013, pages 23-8
  • Mark Allon, Wendy Reade, Chris Clark, Ian McCrabb, Tamara Ditrich, Royce Wiles, Bob Hudson, "The Kuthodaw Pagoda Marble-stelae Inscriptions, Mandalay, Myanmar: Conservation, Photographing, and Study of a Neglected Recension of the Pali Buddhist Canon", Bulletin of Chuo Academic Research Institute (Chuo Gakujutsu Kenkyūjo Kiyō), No. 45 (Nov. 2016), pages 222ff: [2]


Sixth Council

  • The Chattha Sangayana Souvenir Album, Union Buddha Sasana Council Press, Yegu, Rangoon [1956]
  • The Nation (Rangoon), May 21, 1956: page 1, columns 3 & 4; page 4, column 3
  • E. Michael Mendelson, Sangha and State in Burma, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1975, pages 270-95
  • D. E. Smith, Religion and Politics in Burma, Princeton, 1963, pages 157-165
  • Chris Clark, "The sixth Buddhist council: its purpose, presentation, and product", Journal of Burma Studies, volume 19, number 1, June 2015, pages 79-112: [3]
  • Sangayana Monthly Bulletin, an English-language periodical published in Burma in the run-up to the Council, reporting on plans and preparations: [4]