Artillery/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Artillery.
See also changes related to Artillery, or pages that link to Artillery or to this page or whose text contains "Artillery".

Parent topics

  • Military [r]: The standing armed forces of a country, that are directed by the national government and are tasked with that nation's defense. [e]
  • Combined arms [r]: Military actions that involve the coordinated effort of different types of ground troops (e.g., infantry, artillery, engineers) or different military services (e.g., Army and Air Force) [e]
  • Explosives [r]: Explosive agent; a compound or mixture susceptible of a rapid chemical reaction, as gunpowder, or nitroglycerin. [e]
  • Kinetic fires [r]: Effects of military systems that cause damage by physical forces such as impact, explosion or heat [e]
  • Nonkinetic fires [r]: In the newer military usage of "fires" as anything that interferes with the enemy, systems whose effects do not primarily involve physical damage, such as electronic warfare, concealing smoke, or attacks on computer network software [e]

Subtopics

Command and control

Missions and methods

  • Direct fire [r]: A military term for battlefield weapons fired with a direct line of sight on their target; projectile weapons actually fire in a parabolic trajectory that approximates a straight line for short distances [e]
  • Indirect fire [r]: Weapons fire that is fired in an arc such that the projectile rises above the target elevation and descends to hit the target [e]
  • Target acquisition [r]: The detection, identification, and location of a target in sufficient detail to permit the effective employment of weapons. [e]
  • Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition Squadron (Brigade Combat Team) [r]: As part of the restructuring of the United States Army into Brigade Combat Teams is a very substantial increase in intelligence, reconnaissance and related surveillance capability; this unit provides enhanced field scouting capability, complementing the Military Intelligence Company's analytic tools and access to higher-echelon systems; both are under the command of the Brigade Intelligence Officer [e]
  • Counterbattery [r]: Defense against enemy artillery involving identifying the point of origin of hostile fire and directing lethal force against it [e]
  • Counter-rocket, artillery and mortar [r]: Military equipment and techniques to detect unguided rockets, artillery shells, and mortar rounds in flight, warn friendly forces that are threatened, and, with new methods, intercept and destroy the projectiles before they can do damage [e]
  • Suppressive fire [r]: Weapons fire directed at troops or another weapons system, not necessarily to destroy it, but to degrade its performance below the level needed to fulfill its mission objectives [e]
  • Direct support [r]: "A [military] mission requiring a force to support another specific force and authorizing it to answer directly to the supported force’s request for assistance." (U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff) [e]
  • General support [r]: A relationship between military units, in which the supported unit does not have operational control of the supporting unit, but must have its requests either accepted by the supporting unit or approved by a common headquarters [e]
  • Anti-aircraft artillery [r]: A general term for guns that can elevate to high angles and shoot accurately at aircraft, using visual, electro-optical, or radar guidance. [e]
  • Creeping barrage [r]: Artillery fire directed just ahead of advancing friendly forces, with the intent of suppressing the defense as one's own forces took direct action against it. Introduced in the First World War, there was a very high incidence of both friendly fire and too-late fire, until precision time synchronization and fire control were developed. [e]
  • Naval guns and gunnery [r]: Artillery weapons on ships, and techniques and devices for aiming them. [e]
  • Laser rangefinder [r]: A device, analogous to radar but using light rather than radio waves, which measures the distance to an object of interest. [e]
  • Laser designator [r]: A device that puts a distinctive, usually invisible, pattern of laser energy on an object, for purposes such as designating the target of a laser-guided bomb [e]

Major types

Ammunition

Light artillery

  • 57mm naval gun [r]: An increasingly common light naval dual-purpose gun; modern versions are usually full automatic and thus can deliver a volume of fire equivalent to guns of larger caliber [e]
  • 60mm mortar [r]: Most frequent caliber for a light infantry support mortar; once broken into its main pieces, reasonably portable in backpacks [e]
  • 81mm mortar [r]: The most common medium mortar used in direct support of infantry, providing indirect fire under the immediate control of battalion or company commanders; also 82mm variant [e]
  • 105mm howitzer [r]: Common caliber for light howitzers; principally used for specialized applications where weight is critical, such as aircraft use on the AC-130 or wheeled fire support vehicles [e]

Medium artillery

Heavy artillery

Other related topics