Anti-Comintern Pact

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The Anti-Comintern Pact was a 1936 treaty[1] between Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan, not specifically of mutual defense against the Soviet Union, but of the ostensibly independent Communist International (Comintern).

Delicate balancing would be needed when this interacted with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of nonaggression between German and the Soviet Union (1940), and the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact (1941). This treaty became irrelevant when both its contracting powers' governments collapsed with the end of World War II.


  1. Anti-Comintern Pact: German-Japanese Agreement and Supplementary Protocol, Avalon Project, Yale University, 25 November 1936