Ancient Rome/Catalogs/Roman Rulers

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The Founding of Rome by Romulus is a Roman literary tradition. Rome was ruled by kings until the of them was expelled in 510 BC and a republic was established. In the power struggle that followed the assassination of the dictator Julius Caesar, Octavian emerged victorious, becoming the first Roman emperor in 27 BC under the title Augustus.

Dates of emperors overlap where there are periods of joint rule (e.g. Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Versus) and where the government of the empire divides between east and west.


Name Regnal dates
Romulus 753-715 BC
Numa Pompilius 715-674 BC
Tullus Hostillius 673-642 BC
Ancus Marcius 642-616 BC
Tarquinius Priscus 616-578 BC
Servius Tullius 578-534 BC
Tarquinius Superbus 534-509 BC


Name Regnal dates
Augustus (Caesar Augustus) 27 BC- AD 14
Tiberius AD 14-37
Caligula (Gaius Caesar) AD 37-41
Claudius AD 41-54
Nero AD 54-68
Galba AD 68-69
Otho AD 69
Vitellius AD 69
Vespasian AD 69-79
Titus AD 79-81
Domitian AD 81-96
Nerva AD 96-98
Trajan AD 98-117
Hadrian AD 117-138
Antoninus Pius AD 138-161
Marcus Aurelius AD 161-180
Lucius Verus AD 161-169
Commodus AD 180-192
Pertinax AD 193
Didius Julianus AD 193
Septimius Severus AD 193-211
Caracalla AD 211-217
Geta AD 211
Macrinus AD 217-218
Elagabalus AD 218-222
Alexander Severus AD 222-235
Maximin AD 235-238
Gordian I AD 238
Gordian II AD 238
Maximus AD 238
Balbinus AD 238
Gordian III AD 238-244
Philip AD 244-249
Decius AD 249-251
Hostilian AD 251
Gallus AD 251-253
Aemilian AD 253
Valerion AD 253-260